research paper final 1

Topics: Birth order, Sibling, Only child Pages: 8 (2322 words) Published: February 25, 2015
Christina Steck

Psychology 101

Wednesday, November 28, 2012

Research Paper

Birth Order and Personality:

Does a Person’s Birth Order Affect Their Personality?

More than half of the United States presidents are the first born child. Television stars and movie stars such as Oprah Winfrey and Brad Pitt are also first born children. “First born children are known to be natural leaders” (Cane). Birth order could affect the reason this person made it to Hollywood. Birth order does affect a person’s personality. Many people consider their personalities as what makes them individuals. They do not look at how their personalities can be similar to others around them. While thinking about how a personality can make a person unique, one should also look at the qualities in which a personality can so easily match someone else’s. One aspect that might help a person see personality similarities with another individual is the order the people are born. Sbarro explains to us in his documents that birth order has been thought of as an informal indicator in child’s behavior and development. Whether you are the eldest child or the baby of the family, many people see characteristics of themselves similar to others with the same birth order. As Murphy states in his online article, “Research shows that a person’s birth order has a direct link with his or her personality”. This is a direct quote stating that a person’s birth order is, in fact, related to how they act and their personality. “Most research on a child’s birth order does have a direct relationship with his or her personality” (Murphy). There are many different stereotypes when it comes to birth order and personality. Some of these stereotypes consist of the youngest child receiving the most freedom and babying, the middle child receiving less attention, the eldest child usually has the most responsibility placed on them, and the only child often spends much of his or her time around adults. Typical stereotypes are generally universal throughout the scientific community, whether the scientist supports the stereotype or not (McDonald par. 2). A scientist cannot control a person’s idea, so they cannot change stereotypes that are generally seen to be true. “The first child is usually the child with the most attention directed at him or her” (Murphy). In most cases, “A first born child is in a revered but somewhat difficult position in his or her family. They are often burdened by exceedingly high parental expectations, particularly if they are boys” (Grose). Boys usually have high expectations because they are expected to be the next highest authority figure besides both of their parents. Boys are thought of to be strong and manly, and they want to live up to this expectation. Most researchers have found this to be true. In his online article, Murphy explains that the most common traits seen in first born children are energetic, logical, ambitious, enterprising, and scholarly. “There are two typical types of first born children, compliant and aggressive” (Murphy n. pag.). Most first born children have also been found to have aggressive traits. Some of these traits include being natural leaders, a perfectionist, driven, conventional and assertive. As well as having mutual aggressive traits, they also tend to have compliant traits such as people pleasers, crave approval, care givers, reliable, and cooperative. “For example, if a child tends to be responsible and is the oldest child, the trait will be developed to a greater extent than if they were the youngest” (Murphy). This saying that the birth order of a child will enhance the characteristics of that child’s personality depending on the order that child was born. “Birth order doesn’t guarantee your child will exhibit certain characteristics but it does accentuate traits that your child may already possess” (McEntire). Newscasters and television talk show hosts tend to be first born or only born children. Some...

Cited: Cane, William. “Birth Order and You.” Birth Order. Your Key to Personality. 2007. Web
21 Nov
Grose, Michael. “How Birth Order Can Affect Your Child’s Behavior and Personality.” Positive Path Network. 2005. Web. 21 Nov. 2012.
Hughes, Madison
McDonald, Lauren. “Birth Order’s Effect on Personality.” Serendip. 11 May. 2010. Web.
20 Nov. 2012.
McEntire, Teresa. “Does Birth Order Affect Personality?” Parenting. Families, LLC.
2011
21 Nov. 2012.
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