Research Paper Diabetes

Topics: Diabetes mellitus type 1, Obesity, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Nutrition / Pages: 12 (2770 words) / Published: Mar 13th, 2013
Caroline
SOC 005
Dr
November 15th, 2011

Diabetes in the U.S.
Diabetes is a disease rapidly increasing throughout the world today, and it is often referred to as the world’s modern epidemic. According to The World Health Organization (WHO) there were 171 million people suffering from diabetes worldwide in 2000. They are expecting this number to be doubled by year 2050 with 366 million diagnosed people. The organization’s most recent “calculations indicate that worldwide almost 3 million deaths per year are attributable to diabetes” (World Health Organization). It is clear that diabetes is a huge problem in the world, and a research called “The burden of Mortality Attributable to Diabetes: Realistic estimates for the year 2000” concluded with diabetes becoming “the fifth leading cause of death”(Roglic, et al.) in the world. However, the focus of this research paper will not be on an international level. It is not a unknown fact that the U.S. has a lot of problems with people being diagnosed with diabetes. In this paper I will take a closer look at why the problems with this disease in the U.S. has increased and keeps on increasing and why this is now a social problem. Is it due to people’s diet, socioeconomic situation and what groups of people are more exposed than others?
“Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces” (World Health Organization) and there are two types of diabetes. The Type 1 diabetes is caused by the lack of insulin, which is necessary to regulate the blood sugar. What causes Type 1 diabetes is currently not fully known. They know that there is a combination of genes and unknown environmental factors that are causing it, but most of the children born with the genes are not developing diabetes. In order to find these unknown factors there is being done a lot of research on virus infections and the nutritional conditions



Cited: American Diabetes Association. "Diabetes Statistics - American Diabetes Association."American Diabetes Association Home Page - American Diabetes Association. Web. 13 Nov. 2011.  Drewnowski, Adam, and S Folkehelseinstituttet. "Diabetes - Fakta Om Diabetes Type 1." Www.fhi.no - for Et Friskere Folk - Folkehelseinstituttet. 23 Apr. 2008. Web. 03 Nov 2011.  Folkehelseinstituttet McKibben, Bill. Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet. New York: Times, 2010. 162. Print. Narayan, K.M. Venkat, et al. "Lifetime Risk for Diabetes Mellitus in the United States." The Journal of the American Medical Association 290.14 (2003): 1884-890. Lifetime Risk for Diabetes Mellitus in the United States. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. Rank, Mark Robert. One Nation Underprivileged: Why American Poverty Affects Us All. New York: Oxford UP, 2004. Print. Roglic, Gojka, et al. "The Burden of Mortality Attributable to Diabetes: Realistic Estimates for the Year 2000." Diabetes Care 9th ser. 28 (2005): 2130-135. Web. 5 Nov. 2011. Saydah, Sharon, and Kimberly Lochner. "Socioeconomic Status and Risk of Diabetes-Related Mortality in the U.S." Public Health Reports 125 (2010): 377-88.Www.publichealthreports.org/Documents/Aug31-2010.pdf. Web. 13 Nov. 2011 Thow, Ann Marie, et al World Health Organization. "WHO | Diabetes." WHO | Diabetes. Jan. 2011. Web. 4 Nov 2011. World Health Organization. "WHO | Obesity and Overweight." WHO | Obesity and Overweight. Mar. 2011. Web. 5 Nov 2011.  Zhang, Xuanping, et al

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