research paper - critique

Topics: Research, Research and development, Scientific method Pages: 10 (2714 words) Published: October 13, 2013
Critique of a Research Article

Module Title: Evidence Based Practice and the Community

Word Count: 2,159 (excluding reference list)

This paper presents a critique of a qualitative research article titled: 'Perceived support from healthcare practitioners among adults with type 2 diabetes' (Oftedal et al, 2010) (appendix 1). To enable the critique of this article the Caldwell critiquing tool (2005) will be utilized. (Appendix 2)

Research critiquing is a valuable skill, to gain as it enables student nurses to develop and improve knowledge and skills and also adheres to the NMC code of conduct (NMC, 2008). Polit and Beck (2006) emphasis the ability to analyse research enables individuals to gain knowledge. A great importance of research is that it introduces improvements and changes into practice based from evidence based practice (EBP). According to Pioneer David Sacklett (2000). EBP can be defined as "the integration of the best research evidence and clinical expertise, and patient values” (Sacklett,2000). This article was selected as diabetes is becoming an international epidemic affecting all healthcare professions (WHO,2012).

First point of interest to a reader is the title; giving clear indication of the subject (Polit and beck, 2012). It should grab the attention of a reader as discussed by Parahoo (2006). A good title should contemplate all aspects of the above, also considering Polit and Becks (2012) thoughts on the title being with a 15 word limit. This title is very clear to the reader, in relation to the subject under study being short, concise and use of good language.

Appropriate selection for a research paper relies highly on validity and reliability, which can be shown via credentials of authors. Working statues within health studies and behavioural research within university of Stavanger clearly quoted against each of the authors. This article has clearly labelled, educational status and working status of all authors. Willis (2007) believes that an author’s academic background can give validity and credibility within the research itself. Education held by authors was ‘MSc, PhD, RNT’ being of an university level (Oftedal et al, 2010).

Further interest to a reader commences from the information shown within an abstract. This has to hold enough information for it to show a brief understanding of the study in place. Holloway and Wheeler (2010) recommend a clear, concise summary of the research and how it should be implemented. Burns and Grove (2007) mention good abstracts convey findings and capturing attention of a reader. A benefit to this article is that it is clear, readable and structured with subheadings providing a deeper structured understanding.

The introduction of this article evidently outlines the rationale for the study; with reference of findings from other relevant studies completed. Holloway and Wheeler (2010) declare authors have to provide awareness of their subject and reasons for their study. Suggestions made indicated that it is paramount for study for the improvements to be made, emphasising on the rise in statistics from the condition (Oftedal et al, 2010).

Within the article, there is no clear indication of a literature review. Although, through reading this it has become apparent that it has been included within the background section. Polit and Beck (2012) discuss a literature review being a summary of previous research. Explanations are given within reference to other studies such as Schilling et al (2002) which has shown to lack empirical evidence. However, Thorne and Paterson (2001) look at aspects, but indicate more research can be done. The purpose of a literature review is essential as it gives more emphasis on why the study is important; for instance lack of previous research on the subject. Within this article has an disadvantage, because there is no clear stating of a literature review, which would in some circumstances...

References: Burns, N, Grove, S K (2006) Understanding nursing research: Building an evidence based practice 4th ed Elsevier Saunders, United States of America
Burns, N, Grove, S K (2007) Understanding nursing research: Building an evidence-based practice
Gerrish, K and Lacey, a (2010) The reseach process in nursing 6th Ed Blackwell publishing: Oxford
Graneheim, UH
Holland, K. and Rees, C. (2010) Nursing: evidence-based practice skills. New York: Oxford University Press.
Holloway, I, Wheeler, S (2002) qualitative research in nursing 2nd ed
Holloway, I, Wheeler, S (2010) qualitative research in nursing and healthcare 3rd ed. Blackwell publishing: Oxford
ICN (international council of nurses) (2012) ethical guidelines for nursing research
Nursing & Midwifery Council (2008) The code: standards of conduct, performance and ethics for nurses and midwives. London: Nursing and Midwifery Council.
Parahoo, K. (eds.) (2006) Nursing research: principles, process and issues. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Polit, D.F. and Beck, C.T. (eds.) (2012) Nursing research: generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
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Polit, D.F. and Beck, C.T. (eds.) (2010) Essentials of nursing research: appraising evidence for nursing practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Polit, D.F. and Beck, C.T. (eds.) (2013) Essentials of nursing research: appraising evidence for nursing practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Polit,D F, Hungler, B P (1997) Essentials of nursing research; methods, appraisal and utilization. 4th Ed, Lippincott- Raven, Philadelphia: New York
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Schilling L.S., Grey M. & Knafl K.A. (2002) The concept of selfmanagement
of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents: an
Streubert, H J, Carpenter, D R (2011) Qualitative research in nursing: advancing the humanistic imperative 5th Ed, Wolter Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Williams:London. pp56-59
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WHO. (2012) About WHO [online]. World Health Organization. Available from: http://www.who.int/about/en/ [Accessed 17th December 2012].
Willis, J, W. (2007) Foundations of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
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