As emotive human beings, we all appreciate and highly value active listening. When people listen, they do not only show interest but caring and respect as well. Unfortunately, many older adults are viewed as if their opinions or ideas are not worth listening to. The research article, the experience of being listened to: a qualitative study of older adults in long-term care settings, explored the experience of being listened to for older adults residing in long-term care settings. Throughout the study, certain themes emerged from the participants’’ interview statements which were collected and categorized. As these themes are emergent, they allow the researcher to inductively generate comparison with theory, with the human becoming theory to be specific. The purpose of this study was to contribute to knowledge base about the experienced of being listened to by older adults living in long-term facilities, expand concepts of the human becoming theory, and offer ideas for more research. Research Problem/Assumptions
The research problem in this study was to better understand how essential being listened to is for enhancing the quality of life and care of older adults living long-term care facilities . This is important to study because it gives voice and interest to the often underrepresented elderly and informs care givers of better practice. As humans reach an advanced age, they become more vulnerable and dependable. Many of them abstain from asking questions if they feel a burden to others. Care givers can alleviate such feelings and enhance their quality of life by showing interest and practicing the art of listening. In addition, by examining the experience of being listened to trough the voices of older adults, the study is indeed exploring the effect of this phenomenon on both nursing practice the elderly’s quality of life. The research question presented was “What is the meaning of the experience of being listened to for older adults living in log-term care setting?” (Jonas-Simpson, Mitchell, Fisher, Jones, & Linscott, 2006, p. 48). This study was not hypothesis driven, but rather implied assumptions. The main assumption was that implementation of active listening by care givers will enhance the quality of life and care of older adults. Because the study was qualitative, it also assumed that all human behavior is intersubjective and that people perceive lived experiences differently. Thus, care givers in long-term care facilities can actively participate in shaping the life experiences of older adults in a positive way. Thus, improving the quality of nursing care. Theoretical Framework
When selecting the framework of a research study, the researcher must consider the differences between a conceptual and a theoretical framework. According to Green (2014) a conceptual framework explains the relationship between concepts by linking concepts from several theories, previous research results, or from the researcher’s own experiences. On the other hand, Green (2014) adds that a theoretical framework generally and broadly explains the relationship between concepts of interest in a research study and it’s based on one existing theory. In this study, a theoretical framework was implemented. The theoretical framework was based and guided by the human becoming theory, formally called man living-health. This theory suggest that the coexistence of human beings and their ability to make free choices affects interpersonal relationships. Similarly, when reviewing pertinent literature, the authors constantly pointed out how interpersonal relationships affected the quality of human life. Even though no clear explanation, synthesis, or analysis of the literature was marked, the authors did provide relevant literature to contextualize the research. For instance, the authors provided evidence from various sources suggesting the importance to explore and...
References: Daly, J., Mitchell, G.J., Jonas-Simpson, C. (1996). Quality of life and the human becoming theory: Exploring discipline-specific contributions. Nursing Science Quarterly, 9(4), 170-174. doi: 10.1177/089431849600900409
Green, H.E. (2014). Use of theoretical and conceptual frameworks in qualitative research. Nurse Researcher, 21(6), 34-38. doi: http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.lib.ou.edu/10.7748/nr.21.6.34.e1252
Houser, J. (2013). Nursing research: reading, using and creating evidence. (3rd ed). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Jonas-Simpson, C., Mitchell, G.J., Fisher, A., Jones, G., Linscott, J. (2006). The experience of being listened to: A qualitative study of older adults in long-term care settings. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 32(1), 46-53.
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