Research Paper

Topics: Facebook, Social network service, MySpace Pages: 11 (2063 words) Published: April 26, 2015
BUS 5398
Social Networking Sites and their Impact on Grades

Submitted by: Piyush Aggarwal

Table of Contents
Social Networking Sites (SNS) and their Impact on Grades2
Background2
Literature Review and Discussion2
Conclusion6
Limitations7
Future Research7
References:8

Social Networking Sites (SNS) and their Impact on Grades

Background
Social Networking Sites (SNS) have become an integral part of the day-to-day lives of students. In today’s digital age, SNS has become the most-common platform to build and sustain social connections with people from all spheres of our lives. However, SNS, like everything else, can have positive as well as negative effects. Socializing online has become synonymous to “time-pass” activity as more and more students are engaging themselves in Online social media rather than in-person and outdoor activities. Hence, the intention of this research is to understand the standing of SNS usage on academic performance of college/university students . Literature Review and Discussion

There have been a number of studies analyzing the impacts of Social Networking on students’ academic performance and grades. Furthermore, among all the SNS, Facebook has been targeted the most since it is the most popular site of all the SNS and has maximum impact on the majority of the population exposed to SNS. For the purpose of this research, various academic journals researching different angles of the question in hand were analyzed. This was done to ensure the inclusion and consideration of as many perspectives of the topic as possible and to keep the research multi-faceted. The research was conducted in an unbiased way to form a well-informed conclusion. The academic journals were:

Related, directly and/or indirectly, to the topic of research Targeted different and diverse sample sizes
Utilized various research tools and methods, and
Focused on a range of controlled measures like age, gender, personality traits, ethnicity, academic major and/or study level (freshmen, senior, undergraduate, graduate etc.), nationality and socio-economic status.

Although Rouis, S. (2012) failed to prove the hypothesis that Facebook usage adversely affect the academic performance of the students, majority of articles were found to be in favor of it. Kalpidou, M., Costin, D., & Morris, J. (2011) found a negative relationship between the number of Facebook friends and Grades. As per Kirschner, P. A., & Karpinski, A. C. (2010), students with Facebook account had significantly lower Grade Point Average and spent much less time studying, as compared to the students without a Facebook account. Stollak, M. J., Vandenberg, A., Burklund, A., & Weiss, S. (2011) also found that the more the students used Facebook, the lower their GPA was. In a self-reported analysis of impact of Facebook on academic performance in research by ul Haq, A., & Chand, S. (2012), 61% of the students reported a negative impact of the SNS’s usage on their studies and hence grades. According to Paul, J. A., Baker, H. M., & Cochran, J. D. (2012) as well, there is a negative relationship between the time spent on Online Social Networking (ONS) and academic performance. Rosen, L. D., Carrier, L. M., & Cheever, N. A. (2012) also showed that the subjects who engaged in Facebook while under-observation had lower GPAs as compared to other subjects.

However, on further analysis of the online activities students engaged in while on Facebook, it was found that certain activities had more direct or indirect harming impacts on the grades as compared to others. The Junco, R. (2012) found that students spending time on the activity of ‘Chatting on Facebook’ had significant negative impact on the GPA while frequency or number of times the student checked their account did not have any significant impact on the grades. Junco, R. (2012) also dwelled into analyzing individual activities rather than simply comparing the time spent and...

References: 3. Rouis, S. (2012). Impact of Cognitive Absorption on Facebook on Students ' Achievement. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking , 15(6), 296-303.
4. Junco, R. (2012). Too Much Face And Not Enough Books: The Relationship Between Multiple Indices Of Facebook Use And Academic Performance. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(1), 187. Retrieved October 10, 2014, from the Elsevier database.
5. Kirschner, P. A., & Karpinski, A. C. (2010). Facebook® and academic performance. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(6), 1237-1245. Retrieved October 10, 2014, from the Science Direct database.
6. Rosen, L. D., Carrier, L. M., & Cheever, N. A. (2012). Facebook and texting made me do it: Media-induced task-switching while studying. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(3), 948-958. Retrieved October 10, 2014, from the Science direct database.
8. Junco, R. (2012). The Relationship Between Frequency Of Facebook Use, Participation In Facebook Activities, And Student Engagement. Computers & Education, 58(1), 162-171.
9. Stollak, M. J., Vandenberg, A., Burklund, A., & Weiss, S. (2011, February). Getting social: The impact of social networking usage on grades among college students. In Proceedings from ASBBS annual conference (pp. 859-865).
10. Junco, R. (2012). In-class multitasking and academic performance . Computers in Human Behaviour, 28(6), 2236-2243. Retrieved February 19, 2014, from the ScienceDirect database.
11. ul Haq, A., & Chand, S. (2012). Pattern of Facebook usage and its Impact on Academic Performance of University Students: A Gender Based Comparison. Bulletin Of Education & Research, 34(2), 19-28.
14. Sanchez, R. A., Cortijo, V., & Javed, U. (2014). Students ' perceptions of Facebook for academic purposes. Computers & Education, 138. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2013.08.012
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16. Gabre, H. G., & Kumar, G. (2012). The Effects of Perceived Stress and Facebook on Accounting Students ' Academic Performance.Accounting And Finance Research, 1(2), 87-100.
17. Green, T., & Bailey, B.(2010). Academic Uses of Facebook: Endless Possibilities or Endless Perils?.  TechTrends: Linking Research & Practice to Improve Learning, 54(3), 20-22. doi:10.1007/s11528-010-0398-z
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19. Paul, J. A., Baker, H. M., & Cochran, J. D. (2012). Effect of online social networking on student academic performance. Computers In Human Behavior, (6), 2117. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2012.06.016
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