Research paper

Topics: First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Supreme Court of the United States / Pages: 3 (930 words) / Published: Apr 23rd, 2015
Dennis Robinson
English 102
MWF: 1-1:50
3/21/2015
Dean of Edinboro University
Research Paper

What should be done with Professor Smut? Professor Smut should be fired from Edinboro University. For the following reasons he violated the First Amendment, academic freedom, and may have caused damage to the students. The First Amendment states that, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”
Professor Smut violated academic freedom, “The standard established in these cases requires a plaintiff who alleges a hostile environment to prove that sexual advances and comments are “sufficiently severe or pervasive ‘to alter the conditions of [the victim’s] employment and create an abusive working environment (Rutherglen 1)’” It’s problematic to categorize what is considered sexual harrasment. Men and women take and view harrasment differently. What men may find acceptable, women may find it offensive, and classify it as sexual harrasment. Academic freedom is the belief that the freedom of inquiry by faculty members is essential to the mission of the academy as well as the principles of academia, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts without being targeted for repression, job loss, or imprisonment.
“The constitutional protection for academic freedom, must necessarily be qualified, not absolute (Rutherglen 2).” There are limits to academic freedom, restricting what is protected under the bill. Speech that receives constitutional protection may still be regulated and restricted. Certain forms of speech only receive qualified protection, for example commercial speech.
Pornography may have caused behavioral and emotional damage to the students. “Greater exposure to pornography (both violent and non-violent) is



Cited: Baron, Larry. "Pornography and Gender Equality." The Journal of Sex Research: An Emperical Analysis 27.3 (1990): 363-380. Web. 22 Febuary 2015. Davis, Paul. "A Meese Commission and the Supreme Court echo a new moral militancy." Sex Busters (1986). 12-22. Document. 21 Febuary 2015. Roseborough, Robert. "A "Great" Day For Academic Freedom: The Threat Posed to Academic Freedom by the Supreme Courts Decision in Garcetti V. Ceballos." Albany Law Review 72 (2015): 565-595. Web. 22 Febuary 2015. Rutherglen, George. "Sexual Harrasment: Ideology or Law?" Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 18.2 (1995): 1-10. Web. 23 Febuary 2015. Vega, Vanessa and Neil M Malamuth. "Predicting Sexual Aggression: The Role of Pornography in the Context of General and Specific Risk Factors." Aggressive Behavior (2007): 104-117. Web. 21 Febuary 2015.

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