Research paper

Powerful Essays
Global Journal of HUMAN SOCIAL SCIENCE
Volume 12 Issue 7 Version 1.0 April 2012
Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal
Publisher: Global Journals Inc. (USA)
Online ISSN: 2249-460x & Print ISSN: 0975-587X

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Regime and Growth of the Baloch Nationalism in
1970s
By shazia jaffar
International Islamic University Islamabad

Abstract - Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the first elected prime minister of Pakistan. His initial strategy of accommodation and power sharing with the regionalists in Balochistan had a positive impact on the national politics. The regionalists started to distance themselves from secessionist tendencies. However, the policy of pacification was short-lived. The central government, instead of addressing political conflicts with consensus, resorted to undemocratic means. The process of democratization in Balochistan was disrupted and the provincial government was dissolved.
The autonomists were sidelined and were dubbed as ‘anti-state elements’. The extremists, within the autonomists’ fold, were infuriated and started the armed insurgency. The central government launched an army operation to cope with insurgents. Bhutto’s regime marked a tendency towards executive despotism. Despite provincial government’s alleged defiance of federal authority, the central government could have treated them with patience and tolerance visualizing the sensitivity of the Balochistan crisis.

Keywords : Balochistan; Nationalism; Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Regime; Military operation; History.

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Regime and Growth of the Baloch Nationalism in 1970s
Strictly as per the compliance and regulations of:

© 2014.shazia jaffar, This is a research/review paper, distributed under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), permitting all noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the



References: 3. Ahmed, Syed Iqbal. (1992). Balochistan and its Strategic Importance 4. Alvi, Hamza. (1971). Bangladesh and the crisis of Pakistan March 01, 2012 from www.socialistregister. 6. Awan, A.B. (1985). Balochistan: Historical and Political process New Century Publisher, Pakistan. 8. Bhutto, Zulfiqar Ali. (1972). I have kept my pledge with God and man: A collection of President Bhutto’s speeches. Sindh Council PPP. [Retrieved on February 28, 2012 from http://www.scribd. Case Study of Movement for Restoration of Democracy (1983) Sciences, Vol.1, No.1 [Retrieved on January 22, 2012 from http://berkeleyjournalofsocialsciences. 10, 2012 from http://scholarship.law.cornell. edu/ lps_clacp/50] Mahmood, Zahid., & Ismail, Mohammad. (2011). Gazdar, Haris. (2006, May 20). Economic and Political Weekly Ghazali, Abdus Sattar. (1999). Islamic Pakistan: Illusions and Reality Politics in Pakistan (1970-2002). Pakistan Institute of Legislative Grare, Frederic. (2006). Pakistan: The resurgence of

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