The Problem and its Scope
Road accidents have become a common occurrence on roads, highways and motorways with its accompanying fatalities and casualties. The causes of these fatalities are indiscipline on the part of some drivers using the road, obvious disregard to road traffic laws, over-speeding, fatigue driving and poor nature of the roads. It is also in regard that the driving standard of many drivers has also been recognized to be poor, leading to a severe impact on the traffic accident problem. Also, a general low educational level of the driver population in combination with low economy and lack of widespread formalized driver education have been contributing factors to the problem (Webmaster, 2013). In the United States, there are more than 6 million car accidents on the roads of the United States annually and every year the lives of almost 1.3 million people are cut short as a result of road traffic crash. Ranging from 20 to 50 million more people suffer non-fatal injuries, with many incurring a disability as a result of their injury. Such injuries and death often leave the victims and their families devastated (World Health Organization, 2012). In the national scene, City of Manila has revealed that bad overtaking and over-speeding topped the main causes of accidents on roads in the country that have so far claimed the lives of 1,074 persons out 11,414 road accidents that were documented by the Philippine National Police-Highway Patrol Group (PNP-HPG) across the country. One-thousand three-hundred ten accidents occurred due to mechanical defects of vehicles while 1,072 were blamed on road conditions. Aside from the above mentioned, other causes of accidents based on human factors are bad turn, overloading, and drunk driving. Above the entire documented road accidents, 4,378 people were injured, 443 of them pedestrians and six-thousand two-hundred sixteen accidents occurred at night while 5,198 occurred during the day (Recuenco, 2011). In the locality, a report from the Traffic Management Group (TMG) in Davao City revealed private vehicles have been involved in most number of vehicular accidents from January to October of 2011. From the total of 6,789 accidents, TMG-Davao statistician Police Officer 3 Dondon Purgatorio said that private vehicles were involved in 2,796 incidents; taxis - 1,153; public utility jeepney (PUJ)- 754; single motorcycles - 777; motorcycles with sidecar - 40; vans - 417; trucks - 284; buses - 101; government vehicles - 59; tricycles - 78; vehicle to structure - 78; bicycle - 42; armored car - 13; bicycle with sidecar - 7; trisiboat - 2; ambulance - 2; which clearly indicate the rampant road accidents happening in Davao City associated with reckless driving and human error which need to be addressed (Tejano, 2011). This research aspires to assess the level of awareness of the Public Utility Vehicle drivers which comprises of the PUJ drivers, PUB drivers, single motorcycle, trisiboat and taxis in connection to the LTO prohibitions and penalties. It aims to determine if the PUV drivers are following the Republic Act 4136 known as the Land transportation and Traffic so that more improvements will be given and road accidents will be lessen. The prohibitions and penalties found in the study will be solely coming from the Republic Act 4136 known as the Land transportation and Traffic. The provisions of the Act shall control, as far as they apply, the registration and operation of motor vehicles and the licensing of owners, dealers, conductors, drivers, and similar matters.
Rationale of the Study
Road accident is one of the major problems being faced globally with ever-rising trend. It represents a major public problem since high number of victims is involved and also the seriousness of the consequences for the victim themselves and to their families have great impact. Road accidents are generally classified as single...
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