Research Paper

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Topics: Poverty
Children 's Involvement to Occupational Activities in Khulna City Corporation, Bangladesh
Tunvir Ahamed Shohel* and Md. Abdul Jabbar
Sociology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna-9208, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author: E-mail- tusher_04@hotmail.com Contact: +88-01911-253834, +88-01717085196
Children 's Involvement to Occupational Activities in Khulna City Corporation, Bangladesh

Abstract
120 working children from four randomly selected wards of Khulna City Corporation, Bangladesh were selected to describe the factors responsible for their occupational activities. Children from 54.2 percent households are below poverty line pressure that forced them to migrate to city and involve in work at an early age. Majority (45.8%) of the respondents is day laborer and 54.2 percent of the respondent’s family income found below 4000 BDT, whereas most (71.7%) of the respondent’s earned below 2000 BDT per month. With an educational qualification of primary level, majority (49.2%) of the children involved in work to fulfill their own as well as family need. 71.7 percent of the children engaged themselves into work due to provide economic support to their family. Statistically significant correlations (p < .000) were found between involvement of the children in work with their family size, monthly family income and economic necessity of the family.

Key Words: Migration, Family Size, Involvement in Work, Monthly Income, Economic Support.
1. Introduction
The prevalence of child labor increases in recent years and has become a serious problem throughout the world, especially, in many poor and developing countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. While child labor is declining in other South Asian countries – India and Pakistan and in the world, it has been increasing in Bangladesh (Khanam, 2005). Being one of the most densely populated and poverty stricken countries of the world, the problem of child labor



References: ADB. 1996. Urban Poverty Reduction Project. Asian Development Bank. Bangladesh Consultants Limited, PROSHIKA, Dhaka. BBS. 2001. Labor Force Report. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Dhaka. BBS-UNICEF. 2007. Multiple Indicators Clusters Survey Bangladesh 2006, Key Findings. BBS-UNICEF, Dhaka BBS- NCLS Cole, R.L. 1980. Introduction to Political Inquiry, Macmillan Publishing, New York. Iftekhar, M Shafiqul Kalam. 2007. Glimpse on Child Labor: A Study on Child Labor Situation in Dhaka City Corporation Area. Department of Mathematics and Natural Science, BRAC University, Journal, Vol. IV, No. 1, pp. 19-29. Islam, Fakrul. 1995. Street And Working Children in Bangladesh, Department of Social Work, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet. Khanam, Rasheda. 2005. Child Labor in Bangladesh: Trends, Patterns And Policy Options. University of Sydney, Sydney. UN. 2000. Children’s Fund Report. United Nations, New York. UNICEF. 1999. Asian Child Labor Report. UNICEF, Asia. UNICEF. 2004. The State of the World’s Children 2004. UNICEF, New York. YPSA (www.ypsa.org) And FIDH (www.fidh.org). 2005. Child Labor in the Ship Industry in Bangladesh. International Federation for Human Right. | |Large (7-9) |9.2 | | |Monthly Income of the |Low (below 4000) |54.2 | | |Family (In BDT) | | | | | |Medium (4001-8000) |33.3 | | | |High (8000 and above) |12.5 | | | |Low Income (1- 2000) |71.7 | | | |Medium Income (2001-4000) |19.2 | | | |High Income (4001-6000) |5.0 | |

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