Research Critique

Topics: Scientific method, Qualitative research, Research Pages: 7 (2146 words) Published: February 28, 2014

Week 4 Research Paper Critique
Ashley N. Scott
Kaplan University
NU310: Nursing Research
Robin Lockhart, MSN, RN, CN

Week 4 Research Paper Critique
When critiquing a research paper, you are evaluating the research and the argument made by the author. To evaluate a research article, one will need to look at what the author is claiming, their research methods, and any problems there might be with the claims made. Are the references in the article reliable? What process did the researchers use? Do the researchers show bias with their findings? There are many questions to ask and many elements to look at when critiquing a research paper. This paper will critique two different research articles; one qualitative and one quantitative.

The quantitative article, The Effects of Crossed Leg on Blood Pressure Measurement, attempts to determine whether a patient crossing their legs at the knee during a reading will have an effect on the reading in any way. The Experience of Patients Undergoing Awake Craniotomy, the qualitative study, interviewed patients before and after having awake craniotomy surgery to gain understanding of their experience, thoughts, and feelings surrounding the surgery. Title

The qualitative research title identifies the key phenomenon and the group they are studying. For this study, they wanted to document the experience of patients who have had an awake craniotomy. The title explains this well.

The quantitative study has a title that identifies the key variables, however, the title does not mention a specific population for the study. Abstract
“A conceptual definition describes the abstract or theoretical meaning of a concept being studied. An operational definition specifies procedures required to measure a variable” (Polit & Beck, 2012, p. 69). The conceptual and operational definitions of the quantitative research article are congruent because the researchers clarify their concept and explain how they will be measures as well as the operations performed to measure the concept. The abstract of this article clearly summarizes the problem, methods, results, and conclusions. The qualitative study has an abstract that clearly and concisely summarizes the main features of the article. The abstract explains that the features of the study will include the patient’s experience prior to, during, and the recovery phase following awake craniotomy. Both abstracts mention the problem that lead to their study, the purpose of their study, some background information, information surrounding the study, and a thesis statement. Purpose Statement

“The purpose statement establishes the study’s general direction and captures its essence. It is usually easy to identify a purpose statement because the word purpose is explicitly statesstated” (Polit & Beck, 2012, p. 79). Both the qualitative and the quantitative studies have a purpose statement that is clearly and concisely stated.

A quantitative study will have a purpose statement that identifies the study variables, possible relationship, and the population of interest for the study. The quantitative article establishes the purpose statement as determining the effect of a patient having their legs crossed while having their blood pressure measured. The statement does not mention a population of interest. Since the statement uses the word determine in the purpose statement, it indicates this is an experimental type of study.

A qualitative study will have a purpose statement that identifies the concept and the group, or setting being studied. The qualitative studied being critiqued for this paper states outright that the study is a phenomenological one, but that can also be indicated by the purpose statement because it contains the word experience. The article’s purpose statement identifies the concept as being the experience of the patient, and the setting or population being before and after an awake craniotomy. Problem Statement


References: Foster-Fitzpatrick, L., Ortiz, A., Sibilano, H., Marcantonio, R., & Braun, L. T. (1999). The Effects effects of Crossed crossed Leg leg on Blood blood Pressure pressure Measurementmeasurement. Nursing Research, 48, 105-108. Retrieved from
Palese, A., Skrap, M., Fachin, M., Visioli, S., & Zannini, L. (2008). The Experience experience of Patients patients Undergoing undergoing Awake awake Craniotomycraniotomy. Cancer Nursing, 31, 166-172.
Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2012). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (9th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
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