Research Chapter 1

Topics: Mouth, Photosynthesis, Fern Pages: 5 (1192 words) Published: August 27, 2013
Effects of Angelica keiskei (Ashitaba) Leaves on the Salivary Bacterial Count and Salivary Flow

Baldemor, Levee M.
Dalida, Racy
Detaro, Isabella Cherr K.
Espineli, Felipe Rafael B.
Perdido, Lanz Gerard O.
Sta. Maria, Danica C.
Teodosio, Kim Crizandra D.
Zantua, Jazelle Christine G.

Introduction
Angelica keiskei (Ashitaba) is a lush green plant. The name “Ashitaba” means “tomorrow’s leaf” aptly termed due to its ability to reproduce green stem and leaf almost on a daily basis.
The Ashitaba plant has a wide range of known, health-promoting benefits such as stimulation of the immune system, promotion of healthy stomach and intestine function, demonstrates specific anti-viral and anti-bacterial activity and reduces inflammation.

Increasingly, the magical nature of ashitaba’s regeneration is fuelling consumer interest in it as a health food and scientific research into its said “healing powers”.
Angelica keiskei (Ashitaba) can be eaten raw, boiled, or deep-fried, or dried and ground for juice, dessert or other value-added products. The process of digestion begins with the mouth. The mouth harbours a diverse, abundant and complex microbial community. This highly diverse microflora inhabits the various surfaces of the normal mouth. However, there is a rising concern for the dental practitioners to know the possible effects of the Ashitaba plant on the oral health may it be positive or negative.

This study is expected to raise awareness on the benefits as well as the possible harmful effects of the Ashitaba plant on the oral cavity, more specifically on the salivary bacterial count and salivary flow of the oral cavity.

Background of the Study
Studies have shown that a number of herbal plants have health benefits that may contribute to the overall health of a person. A growing number of people have been consuming Ashitaba greens due to its medicinal claims and said health benefits.

Herbal plants such as the Ashitaba may have a positive and negative effect on the oral cavity that has not been thoroughly established. Because the digestion begins in the mouth, dental practitioners are now concerned with the possible effects of the consumption of Ashitaba on the oral health. It therefore stands to good reason that further research is needed on the medicinal properties of the Ashitaba. The researchers aim to experiment on the herb to prove whether or not such claims are true.

Due to the antibacterial properties of Ashitaba, the researchers also seeks to know the possible effect on the salivary bacterial count of the oral microflora, and the amount of salivary flow of people who have been consuming the plant.

Setting of the Study
This study will take place at Generosa De Leon Science Center [GDLSC] of Centro Escolar University Mendiola, Manila. The recognitions from several institutions attest to its quality programs: Full Autonomy Status from the Commission on Higher Education, Institutional Accredition certified by the Federation of Accrediting Associations of the Philippines, Philippine Quality Award by the Philippine Government, ISO-9001 System Certification and listed in the Companies Circle of the Institute of Corporate Directors for good corporate governance.

Among the college institutions of the area, the Generosa de leon Science Center has many microbiology laboratories that will be used in the study.  The facilities of the building include a large number of apparatus & glassware that will be used in the study of “Effects of Angelica keiskei (Ashitaba) Leaves on the Salivary Bacterial Count and Salivary Flow” which is located in GDLSC Stockroom aside from the microscope and many other laboratory equipment which are also needed in performing the tasks in a microbiology laboratory.

Fig. 1:
Vicinity map of Centro Escolar University Manila Campus

Fig. 2:...
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