The objective of this assignment is to critique the research article titled ‘Staff-student relationships and their impact on nursing students’ belongingness and learning’. Polit and Beck (2008) highlighted that there is expectancy on nurses to conduct research in order to base their practice on evidence which has emerged from research. Nurses are expected to use their research findings to make informed decisions and actions with patients. The ultimate goal of research is to develop and expand ones knowledge in any field. The development and use of knowledge is essential in improvement in patient care. Research enables the nurse to explain phenomena and the characteristics of certain situations that need to be considered when planning patient care. A nurse who incorporates research findings into making clinical decisions is being accountable to their patients. Furthermore they are reinforcing nursing as a profession (Polit et al, 2001). Definitions of research are sparse mainly due to authors of research assuming the meaning of research is self-evident. The research process consists of a sequence of steps designed to describe what is known about phenomena in all types of disciplines (Cormack, 2000). Researchers, Title & Journal
This research article was composed by Tracy Levett-Jones MEd and Work PhD RN. Tracey Levett-Jones is Deputy Head of School (Teaching and Learning) in the School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Newcastle, Australia. Following this is Judith Lathlean BSc MA DPhil, Professor of Health Research, School of Health Sciences, The University of Southampton, UK. The third party involved is Isabel Higgins MN PhD RN, Professor of Nursing (Older Person Acute Care) School of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Newcastle, Australia. The final person involved in the study is Margaret McMillan MCurric.Studies PhD RN, Conjoint Professor, Faculty of Health, The University of Newcastle, Australia. The later three individuals mentioned were responsible for supervising the study and critically reviewing the manuscript. The journal in which the research article was published is called the Journal of Advanced Nursing (JAN). JAN is known to be the worlds most cited nursing journal. It is also the most read journal in the world having over 3 million articles downloaded per annum. It is accessible in over 10,000 libraries throughout the world (Wiley Online Library, 2010). The title ‘Staff-student relationships and their impact on nursing students’ belongingness and learning’ is clear accurate and concise. Parahoo (2006) refers to the title as having little importance on the reliability of the findings. The reader should spend little time critiquing the title, abstract or literature review. It is however, the methodology of the study that determines the quality of research and most attention should be focused on this. Abstract
An abstract are defined as being an overview of a study allows the reader to become familiar with the key points of the study (Lo-Biondo-Wood and Haber, 2002). In this article the abstract summarised the study’s purpose by directly highlighting the aim of the research undertaken. In the abstract the author informs the reader of the method used during the research process. The reader is informed that 18 third year nursing students are interviewed using semi-structured interviews from one UK University and two Australian Universities. Introduction
The purpose of the introduction is to familiarise the reader with the research problem. The introduction should immediately follow the abstract (Polit and Hungler, 1999). In this article the research problem was identified immediately. The author informs the reader that the focus of the article is on staff-student relationships due to the importance influence that interactions have on students’ sense of belongingness. The author states in the introduction that the article reports the findings from the qualitative phase of the mixed...
References: Burns, N. and Grove, S. (2001) The practice of Nursing Research, Conduct, Critique & Utilization. (4th ed) WB Saunders, Philadelphia.
Cormack, D. (2000) The Research Process in Nursing. (4th ed) Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford.
Cronin, P., Ryan, F. and Coughlin, M. (2007) Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. British Journal of Nursing. 17(1) p.38-43.
Lo-Biondo-Wood, G. and Haber, J. (2002) Nursing Research, Methods, Critical Appraisals and Utilization. Mosby, USA.
Parahoo, K. (2006) Nursing Research: Principles and Methods. (7th ed) Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Parahoo, K. (1997) Nursing Research: Principles, Process and Issues. Palgrave MacMillan, Hampshire.
Polit, F and Beck, C.T. (2009) Essentials of Nursing Research: appraising evidence for Nursing Practice. (7th ed) Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Polit, F., Beck, C.T
Polit, F, and Hungler, B.P. (1999) Nursing Research Principles and Methods. (6th ed) Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Ryan, F., Coughlan, M. and Cronin, P. (2007) Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Part2: qualitative research. British Journal of Nursing. 16(12) p.738-744.
Thorne, S. and Darbyshire, P. (2005) Land mines in a field: a modest proposal for improving the craft of qualitative health research. Qualiative Health Research, 15(8) p. 1105-1113.
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