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may 2, 2014 c.fetlon
4th period TABLE OF content

I. introduction………………pg 2

1) Background ……….. pg. 2
2) Thesis statement ……….pg 2

II. Drug use In workplace ………pg. 3
A) Welfare ……..pg. 4
B) Public school ……… pg. 5

III. Positives of drug testing ……..pg. 6
A) Harmful……..pg. 7
B) Rise of drug testing…….pg 8

IV. Smarts and trust ………pg.9
A) Experimental of drug use ………pg. 10
B) Mistrust leads to problems……..pg. 11

V. Rewards…….pg. 12
A) Special incentives ……pg. 13
B) Life outcomes……pg. 14

VI. Conclusion ……..pg. 15

Introduction

History of drug testing

In 1986, the Reagan administration began recommending a drug testing program for employers as part of the War on Drugs program. In 1988, Drug Free workplace regulations required that any company with a contact over $ 25, ooo with the federal government provide a drug-free workplace. This program must include drug testing. In December, the omnibus transportation employee testing act of 1991 required drug and alcohol testing of safety sensitive employees in aviation, trucking ,railroads ,mass transit, and pipelines. These industries included federal aviation administration (FAA), Federal Motor carrier safety administration (FMCSA), Maritime (USCG), pipelines (PHMSA), Federal railroad administration (FRA), and the Federal transit authority (FTA). According to department of transportation data (2008), the number of workers who are subject to drug testing is approximately 6 million (Drug Scan)

Thesis statement:
Although there is an increase in the cost of drug testing and the intelligence level of our high school students in the past 10 years, drug testing has emerged as a solve all solution to high school drug issues.

Drug Testing in the Workforce

In the writer’s opinions, each and every employee, regardless of their place of employment ought to be tested for drugs use. There are many problems that drug use can play in the workplace. Drug use, abuse, or addiction among employees and their family members can cause expensive problems for business and industry, ranging from lost productivity, absenteeism, injuries, fatalities, theft and low employee morale, to an increase in health care, legal liabilities and workers' compensation costs. In addition, drug abuse can cause problems at work including, but not limited to after-effects of substance use (withdrawal) affecting job performance; Illegal activities at work including selling illegal drugs to other employees. (Ncadd)

Drug Testing in Welfare

Each year, both state and federal governments provide thousands, if not millions, of dollars in programs deemed “welfare”. These social programs include things like nutritional assistance, unemployment, social security, commodities, grants and loans for school, governmentally funded health care, and more. Some people say that recipients of these types of governmental help should be required to undergo drug testing. But what are the pros and cons of drug testing welfare recipients.
Those who fall on the pro (for) side as far as the pros and cons of drug testing welfare recipients use several compelling arguments. These include the fact that this move could possibly save the government money by taking drug addicts off welfare programs. Some also see it as extra incentive for those in lower socioeconomic classes to stay off drugs in the first place. Still others reason that since those who regularly work could be drug tested at any time due to their jobs, so those receiving welfare should have to undergo the same testing. (Healthresearchfunding)
One could also argue that there are several cons of drug testing welfare recipients. A few believe that this is purely discrimination against the poor, who most often receive these benefits. They argue that since some people have jobs where they are never drug tested (and are sometimes very highly paid, even) that poor people should not have to undergo testing. This group also often says that such an argument is basically telling poor people that they have no right to be happy, or experience the full spectrum of human experience, whereas those not on welfare who are not drug tested at their jobs can do this freely. Still others think this might bar some people (like some very young children, due to their parents’ drug use) from getting help they might need. (Healthresearchfunding)

Drug Testing in Public Schools

Drug testing in public schools have been a heated topic for a long time. There are pros and cons for both opinions and the author discusses both in this paper.
The main purpose of random school drug testing is not to catch kids using drugs, it to keep them from ever using them. Once their using drugs it’s harder for them to break their addiction. With many employers drug testing it’s very important for a kid's future not to use drugs. Drug use is responsible for many crimes. It’s worth the inconvenience for all our future. Peer pressure is the greatest cause of kids trying drugs. If by testing the athletes or other school leaders, we can get them to say no to drugs, it will be easier for other kids to say no. (Studymode) Amendment 4 guarantees the right to privacy and some say that is being violated by random drug searches. Some also argue that students who aren't doing anything wrong have nothing to fear. This ignores the fact that what they fear is not getting caught, but the loss of dignity and trust that the drug test represents, so while they think they may be helping by trying keeping students from using drugs, but they actually may be hurting their self-esteem. (Studymode)

The author’s opinion is that there should be no drug testing in the public schools because this should be governed by the parents and guardians at home. The schools cannot invade the lives of students when most likely the drug use happens off campus.
Drug Testing In General (Conclusion)

In conclusion, the author sees the arguments for the use of drug testing and where it should not be administered. Drug testing in the work place has been found to be an effective method to maintain proper safety in the work environment. People who use drugs in the work place also bring an unproductive element that causes companies to lose money. Criminal activity has proven to increase with individuals who continue to use drugs while working.

Individuals who receive public assistance should be tested for illegal use of drugs because if an individual needs public assistance to take care of their basic needs, then there will not be any money left for a person’s basic needs.

Drug testing in the public school should not be warranted because of this should be a responsibility of parents and guardians.

http://www.ncadd.org/index.php/learn-about-drugs/workplace/242-drugs-and-the-workplace

http://drugscan.com/hit-the-mark-client-guide-to-drug-testing/history-of-drug-testing.html

http://healthresearchfunding.org/pros-cons-drug-testing-welfare-recipients/

http://www.studymode.com/essays/Should-Random-Drug-Testing-In-Public-87407.html

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