RES 351 Week 1 assignment

Topics: Health care, Health care provider, Hypodermic needle Pages: 4 (750 words) Published: June 15, 2015

Current Events in Business Research
Jennifer Howse
May 11, 2015
Tracy Sipma

Current Events in Business Research
Phlebotomist and nurses has been around for years and the article I am writing about will describe the business research process that came about to help prevent needles sticks.

How needle sticks occur
The main reason health care workers are stuck by needles are from negligence. They are not taking the proper precautions and not following proper protocol when it comes to properly performing venipuntures. Blood exposure through needle sticks became apparent once the AIDS became an epidemic. People started taking the needle sticks more seriously. 800,000 needle sticks were being reported yearly. Health care professionals are at risk every day to many different types of illness and diseases. Many are incurable. HIV, hepatitis B and C, Ebola are just some of the bloodborne pathogens that can spread.

Corporate response
In order to diagnose the problem many businesses used focus groups and took surveys to try to find a better way to perform blood draws and give medicine. Manufacturers began reacting to the need for greater needle-procedure safety. More than a thousand patents have been issued since 1984 for devices designed to avoid occupational blood exposure, ranging from blunt cannulas and syringes with special safety features to needleless access devices on IV tubing systems, and even tissue adhesives to replace sutures for repairing superficial lacerations.

The Study
Six hospitals participated in a study from 1993 to 1995. During a "pre-change" phase (nine to 12 months long, depending on institution), the incidence of needle sticks using conventional phlebotomy devices was monitored. Observation was heightened and reporting was encouraged. A total of 563 needle sticks were reported in surveys returned by 1,699 employees among the four sections of groups included-phlebotomists, nurses, residents, and...

References: Garvin, M. Innovative new equipment lowers risks of needlesticks. Health Facilities Management 9(10), 1996
Bayne, C. G. Who is getting stuck, anyway? Nurse Manager 28(10):20-23, 1997
Jagger, J. Reducing occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens: Where do we stand a decade later? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 17(9):573-575, 1996
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