REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

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REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

Reproductive System
A system of sex organs within an organism which work together for the purpose of sexual reproduction. Many nonliving substances such as fluids, hormones, and pheromones are also important accessories to there productive system.

Sexual reproduction produces new individuals
- Gametes (sperm & egg) formed by testes and ovaries - Fertilization produces one cell (a zygote)with one set of chromosomes from each parent
- Creates genetic variation .
Gonads produce gametes & secrete sex hormones
Reproductive systems
- Gonads, ducts, glands & supporting structures
- Gynecology is study of female reproductive system - Urology is study of urinary & male reproductive system FEMALE
REPRODUCTIVE
SYSTEM

• It produces the female egg cells necessary for reproduction, called the ova or oocytes
• The system is designed to transport the ova to the site of fertilization.
• To enable sperm to enter the body
• To protect the internal genital organs from infectious organisms
• The mammary glands synthesize, secrete, and eject milk for the nourishment of the newborn.

FUNCTION

• The female reproductive structure is divided into twofold:
• External genital organs
• Internal genital organs

EXTERNAL GENITAL ORGANS

The vulva refers to those parts that are outwardly visible
The vulva includes:

Mons pubis

Labia majora

Labia minora

Clitoris

Urethral opening

Vaginal opening

Perineum

MONS PUBIS
• A rounded mound of fatty tissue that covers the pubic bone.
• During puberty, it becomes covered with hair. • contains oil-secreting (sebaceous) glands that release substances that are involved in sexual attraction pheromones.

LABIA MAJORA
• Enclose and protect the other external reproductive organs. • Literally translated as "large lips," the labia majora are relatively large and fleshy, and are comparable to the scrotum in males.
• Contains sweat and oil-secreting glands. After puberty, the labia majora are covered with hair.

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