You are strongly advised to review the guidance on report writing provided by the library. The following is an abridged version taken from the library website “Key Skills” by Claire MacTavish © De Montfort University 27.08.01
How is a report different from an essay?
A report needs to finish with clear recommendations about what action is suggested as a result of the findings. An essay is unlikely to need such an important and emphatic conclusion, (depending on its title). 报告需要写一个明确的建议，关于你的调查
A report has headed and numbered sections so that any item in it may be found quickly, and read separately. Information which is not vital to an understanding of the report is included in an appendix at the end. An essay is written in continuous prose, and is meant to be read from beginning to end because that is the way its theme develops. 报告需要写小标题
A report is written in the third person (avoiding ‘I’, ‘we’ and ‘you’). Its style is direct and brief because it needs to be read quickly. It is written in the passive voice, e.g.
‘The survey was carried out’,
>‘I carried out the survey’.
An essay, too, is formal and usually written in the third person, but there might be times when a more personal approach is needed.
What is the structure of a report?
Unless you have been given specific instructions, it’s a good idea to follow the generally accepted standard structure. The standard structure has these sections, in this order:
> contents page
> main body of text (with sections/chapters to suit your material) >conclusion
>bibliography, if appropriate
(Note: For our purposes we require a references section as well)
Title page Show report title, author’s name, date, the person/organisation for whom the report has been written. If the...
Bibliography: and references The faculty standard form of citation is the Harvard system and you should use this. List all sources used: for quotations, ideas, or background reading.
Appendices Include any documents or information which add to the reader’s
understanding of the report. They should be given numbers and titles and listed in the contents. Refer to them in the appropriate place(s) in the report, otherwise their
relevance will not be clear.
Pay attention to headings/sub-headings, margins and the spacing of
Sections. Avoid decorative fonts – even on the title page
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