Report on Heinrich Himmler, Adolf Eichmann, and Rudolf Hess

Topics: Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, The Holocaust Pages: 5 (1855 words) Published: April 17, 2006
In this report I will talk about Heinrich Himmler, Adolf Eichmann, and Rudolf Hess, who were Nazi Party leaders and officials and were related to Adolf Hitler. I will also discuss who these people were and what they did, why they did these things, when they did these things, where they did these things, and perhaps how they did these things. The first of these officers was Heinrich Himmler. Himmler was the head of the Gestapo (German State Police) and the Waffen-SS (militarized units of SS, which stands for Schutzstaffel, a group of Hitler's personal body guards), and Minister of the Interior from 1943 to 1945. He was also the organizer of the mass murder of Jews in the Third Reich. Heinrich Himmler was born in Munich on October 7, 1900, the son of a religious, Roman Catholic schoolmaster, and was educated at a secondary school in Landshut. Himmler served as an officer in the Eleventh Bavarian Regiment at the end of World War I, and later obtained a diploma in agriculture from Munich Technical High School in 1922. Later on Himmler joined a Para-military, nationalist organization and participated in the Munich Beer-Hall putsch. Then in the year of 1927 he got married, and returned to poultry farming, but wasn't successful. In January 1929, he was appointed as the head of Hitler's personal bodyguards. He was a superb organizer, and had already expanded the SS to 50,000 men from 300 by 1933. By the year of 1936, Himmler had combined police power in Germany and was named Chief of the German police on June 17 of that year. Now as the chief, his power was unlimited, and in addition he was also responsible for the security services and the concentration camps. Himmler's men staged the fake border incident that Hitler used to justify the invasion of Poland at the outbreak of World War II. As the war went on, the armored portions of the SS began to rival the Armed Forces for power in the military field, which ended in Himmler's being named Minister of the Interior in 1943 and chief of the Replacement Army in 1944. Right up to the end, he was one of Hitler's most loyal men. It came time, when Hitler started to order total destruction of the Jews, and for this job he chose his most loyal follower, who was Himmler. Himmler obeyed the order he received with his usual thoroughness and efficiency. He carried out his orders with efficiency and enthusiasm. The first murders were carried out by shooting. The SS men wanted something more efficient that would accelerate the killing, and would save time for them. As a result poisonous gases were used, which killed people much faster. It is estimated that around 6 million Jews were killed during the Final Solution, and as many as another 6 million non-Jews. Himmler was thoroughly involved in implementing the final solution. At a speech in Poznan on October 4, 1943, Himmler said: I am talking about the evacuation of the Jews, the extermination of the Jewish people. It is one of those things that is easily said. "The Jewish people is being exterminated," every Party member will tell you, "perfectly clear, it's part of our plans, we're eliminating the Jews, exterminating them, a small matter." At the end of the war, Himmler made attempts to negotiate peace through the world, especially with the Jewish Congress. He attempted to flee in disguise in May 1945, however he was captured by British forces, and he admitted his identity. When a doctor was asked to search him to ensure he did not have hidden poison in his possession, then Himmler bit down on a cyanide capsule hidden in his mouth, and was dead in a few minutes. Like Hitler, he chose suicide as his way to exit the world as well. Another important Nazi party member was Adolf Eichmann. He was born in Solingen on March 19, 1906, the son of a middle-class Protestant family that had moved to Linz Austria. This was where Adolf spent his youth and ultimately failed to complete his engineering studies. Later he worked as a laborer, and...
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