Computer Systems and their Areas
Introduction The timeliness of information is critical in today’s fast- paced business world. Managers need to have access to timely information to facilitate effective decision- making. Companies are faced with growing competition from international markets. One solution to this challenge is to computerize the company’s operations. Computers are being used in a bewildering array of applications today.
Computers are widely used for entertainment. Various games are available to the user including electronic basketball. You can “pilot’’ an airplane to Spain, and even engage in a battle in cyberspace. Another means of entertainment is what may be referred to as “interactive soap operas’’. Here the two-way communication capabilities of your television/terminal will allow you to be an active participant in how a story unfolds. The soaps will be shot so they are put together in a variety of ways. Studios use the advanced graphics capabilities of supercomputers to create special effects for movies and commercials.
In many industries, such as oil refiners, steel mills, etc., computers are used to monitor and control processes. In the manufacturing industry, computers are used to ensure the parts (cars, aircraft parts, etc.) are constructed to exact specification. Industrial robots are good at performing repetitive tasks and those that require precise and do not get tired, they can produce high-quality goods at lower costs. Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) refers to the use of computers to control machines in the manufacturing process. Computer-Aided Design (CAD) is also used in manufacturing. CAD refers to combining the use of computers and graphics to aid in designing. Expert Systems are being...
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