Group 7: Malaysian Environment Policy
1) YEE JIN KIAT
2) CHAN KEEN KEET
3) LEE KANG WEI
4) LAU HONG YONG
5) SHAHUL HAMEED
6) LIM WAI MUN
SURESH A/L S.SAMINATHAN
Table of Contents
Analysis of Content
The following report is about the Malaysian Environmental Policy which was made to safeguard our environment and to promote sustainability as its prime objective. This report comprises of a brief introduction of Malaysia and the environmental problems it is facing currently which is both deforestation and pollution. This report shows the policy involved to create a better environment. It also shows the targets of the policy as well as its effectiveness. An example which supports the policy is the construction of a green building. Introduction
Malaysia, one of the 'Asian tiger' economies, has enjoyed remarkable growth over the last few decades, with industrialization, agriculture and tourism playing leading roles in this success story. But today, despite a relatively positive environmental record, Malaysia faces problems of deforestation, pollution of inland and marine waters, soil and coastal erosion, overfishing and coral reef destruction, along with air pollution, water pollution and the problem of waste disposal. Deforestation refers to the loss or destruction of naturally occurring forests, primarily due to human activities such as logging, cutting trees for fuel, slash-and-burn agriculture, clearing land for livestock grazing, mining operations, oil extraction, dam building, and urban sprawl or other types of development and population expansion. Pollution is the presence of harmful substance in the environment which causes poisonous effect. Example of pollution that most commonly occurs in Malaysia is air pollution, haze. The main cause of this haze is the slash and burn practice by farmers and peat fires blown by the wind from Indonesia, especially Sumatra, which mainly affects the Peninsular Malaysia and Kalimantan, which mainly affects East Malaysia. To avoid them from happening, policy regarding to the environment has been the main focus to prevent negative activities from being practiced.
Analysis of Content
Deforestation is the permanent destruction of indigenous forests and woodlands. The term does not include the removal of industrial forests such as plantations of gums opines. Deforestation has resulted in the reduction of indigenous forests to four fifths of their pre-agricultural area. Indigenous forests now cover 21% of the earth's land surface. Not all deforestation is intentional. Some deforestation may be driven by a combination of natural processes and human interests. Wildfires burn large sections of forest every year, for example, and although fire is a natural part of the forest life-cycle subsequent overgrazing by livestock or wildlife after a fire can prevent the growth of young trees. This is the example of deforestation in Malaysia.
Deforestation is mainly caused by irresponsible human activity. They do not care about the environment and hence making it worse. Humans only focus on achieving their unlimited wants. They are being ignorant and only want best for themselves. The tropical lowland and highland forests of Borneo, including vast expanses of rainforest, have decreased rapidly after the end of the Second World War. Forests are burned, logged and clear, and commonly replaced with agricultural land, built-up areas or palm oil plantations. Pollution
Pollution is the contamination of air, water, or soil by substances that are harmful to living organisms. Pollution can occur naturally, for example through volcanic eruptions, or as the result of human activities, such as the spilling of oil or disposal of industrial waste. Examples of pollution includes:
By August 13, 2005, air quality and visibility returned to normal in...
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