Renewable Energy Policy Framework & Barriers a Look Into the Future Prospects of the Egyptian Market.

Topics: Renewable energy, Wind power, Energy development Pages: 55 (17088 words) Published: August 24, 2013
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN

Renewable Energy Policy Framework & Barriers
A look into the future prospects of the Egyptian market.
Supervisor, Dr. Franz Trieb Author, Eng. Mohamed M. Abdelwahed

Integration of Renewable Energies Module , MSc Program of Energy Engineering Department, Technische Universität Berlin , El-Gouna campus

Renewable Energy Policy Framework & Barriers
A look into the future prospects of the Egyptian market

Integration of Renewable Energy MSc. Program of Energy Engineering

Report Outline
Topic Page 1- General energy context in Egypt……………………………………………………………………….3 1.1 Energy demand and supply 1.2 Energy sector institutional set-up 2.1 Incentives offered to the renewable energy sector 2.2 Private sector participation within the sector 2.3 Land usage & allocations for renewables 2.4 Renewable based projects in Egypt 3.1 Product cost & pricing 3.2 Legal & regulatory 3.3 Market performance 4.1 Renewable energy promotion policies 4.2 Emission reduction policies 4.3 Power sector restructuring policies 4.4 Distributed generation policies 5.1 Policy framework in the U.S.A. 5.2 Policy framework in the U.K. 5.3 Policy framework in the Denmark 5.4 Policy framework in Germany 5.5 Policy framework in China 5.6 Energy master plan 2020 6.1 Background (Red Sea governorate) 6.2 Phase One (Setup an energy market) 6.3 Phase Two (Maintain market sustainability) 3 5 7 7 8 8 12 13 14 16 21 21 23 25 28 30 32 34 36 37 38 40

2- Renewable energy policy overview in Egypt……………………………………………………. 7

3- Renewable energy barriers in Egypt………………………………………………………………..12

4- Renewable energy policies globally…………………………………………………………………16

5- Case studies for Renewable energy policy frameworks…………………………………..25

6- Policy recommendations for Red Sea governorate, Egypt……………………………….37

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Renewable Energy Policy Framework & Barriers
A look into the future prospects of the Egyptian market

Integration of Renewable Energy MSc. Program of Energy Engineering

Abstract
Over the past three decades, Egypt as a country and the power sector in specific have continued to come short of the targeted renewable share within the energy mixture. The consistent depletion of fossil fuel reserves accompanied with rapid increases in energy consumption have crippled the economy and has strapped the post revolution appointed government with a huge financial burden. Recent reports from the ministry of electricity and energy have indicated a deficit of 25 percent between national supply and demand. Egypt has reached the dire necessity state where it needs to capitalize on the potential of renewable technologies. This report examines the current state of the local energy market and answers the question of energy as a national resource and not only as a commodity. Also, this work identifies market distortions that vary between financial, structural, societal and political which halted past development plans. The objective is to address the existing challenges and barriers through a set of enacted policies by stakeholders that stimulate and drive the renewable energy market into growth. The report includes a literature review that examines four different types of globally enacted policies; renewable promotion, emission reduction, sector restructuring and distributed generation. The intervention policies include legislations, incentives for investment, energy generation targets, renewable promotion strategies and guidelines for energy resource conservation. In this study, a research has been conducted to cover five different study cases (United States of America, United Kingdom, Denmark, Germany & China) with a focus on the respective governmental actions in each country to support renewable based energy. A holistic approach is taken into account where a background analysis on each energy market is covered, the development of the renewable sector over the years is investigated and experience lessons are extracted from each country. At...

References: 1. Deciding the Future: Energy Policy Scenarios to 2050, World Energy Council 2007. 2. Development of Renewable Energy policy in the MENA region, RECREE 2012. 3. Renewable energy mix for Egypt, Dr-Ing Hani El-Nokrashy, NOKRASHY ENGINEERING GMBH. 4. The importance of legal & regulatory framework for the development of renewable energy technologies, OSCE 2009. 5. Learning curves: a tool for renewable energy policy assessment, Lena Naij. 6. Cost effectiveness of renewable electricity policies, Karen Palmer & Dallas Burtaw. 7. Energy efficiency & renewable energy; Egypt’s national study, Rafik Yousry, NREA. 8. Renewable energy policies & barriers, Fred Beck & Eric Martinot. 9. Legal & regulatory framework of renewables to mitigate climate control, Xiaodong Wang, 2007. 10. The World Bank Group, Renewable Energy Toolkit Website, www.worldbank.org/retoolkit. 11. World Energy Outlook 2009, 2010, 2011&2012, IAE. 12. Cost development of future technologies for power generation—a study based on experience curves and complementary bottom-up assessments, Lena Naij. 13. Prospects of the Renewable Energy Sector in Egypt; Janet L. Sawin and Lisa Mastny 2010. 14. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA); Egypt energy profile 2011. 15. Egyptian Power Sector Reform and New Electricity Law, Hafez Elsalamawy, ERA 2012. 16. NREA annual report 2010-2011. 17. Egyptian Electricity Holding Company annual report 2010-2011. 18. Egypt State Information Services, Energy Outlook 2011-2012. 19. Clean Energy Investment in Developing Countries: Wind Power in Egypt, Mohamed Elsobky. 20. Report on renewable energy in Egypt, Egyptian-British chamber of commerce 2009. 21. Egyptian renewable energy activities & strategies 20x20, NREA. 22. Invest in Egypt: Renewable energy, Ministry of Investment Egypt 2009. 23. Concentrated solar power in Egypt, Amged Elhelewy NREA 2011. 24. California solar initiative: Annual progress assessment, June 2012. 25. A policymaker’s guide to feed-in-tariffs policy design, NREL 2011. 26. Financing concentrating solar power in the Middle East & North Africa, Dr. Franz Trieb 2010. 27. Review of best practices of solar electricity resources applications in selected Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, Antonis Tsikalakis 2010. 28. Fact book of renewable energy, RWE 2012. 29. Solar power generation in the US, Richard Perez. 30. German success story in renewable energy feed-in-tariffs, Miguel Mendonca. 31. Short and long term impacts of the expansion of renewable energy on the German labor market, Marlene O’Sullivan 2010. 32. Curbing global energy demand: Energy productivity opportunity, Mckinssey Global Institute 2007. 33. Danish renewable energy policy development, Preben Maegaard. 34. Generation & wholesale markets design, Prof. Ignacio J Pérez, MIT open course 2010. 35. The German feed-in-tariff: recent policy changes, Mark Fulton 2012. 36. Renewable energy policy implementation drivers and barriers for Abu Dhabi, Toufic Mezhar, Masdar. 37. Spatial mapping of renewable energy potential; Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews Ramachandra 2007. 38. Policy differences in the promotion of renewable energies in the EU member states, D. Reiche 2004. 39. Renewable Energy: A Global Review of Technologies, Policies and Markets, U. Laumanns 2006. 40. Renewable energy policy and electricity market reforms in China. Energy Policy, J.A. Cherni 2007.
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