Top-Rated Free Essay

Renaissance Comparison Essay

Good Essays
Renaissance Comparison Essay

The Italian Renaissance culture and arts and the Northern European Renaissance was a way of life, similar to our modern day way of life, ranging from things such as architecture, painting, literature, sculptures, pottery, and philosophy. Between the two eras, there are social and cultural similarities and differences.
The social and cultural similarities between the Italian and Northern European Renaissance were their artistic views in reference to religion. Most of the themes within their arts covered religion, such as the book Genesis from the bible. An example of the arts between these two eras would be the Garden of Eden and Adam and Eve. Devotion to Christianity, the church, their work written in Latin, classical backgrounds and the fact that they were both idealist were other reasons to believe that the two eras were similar.
A social and cultural difference between the Italian and Northern European Renaissance was the Northern Renaissance had held more on to the Gothic architecture from the Middle Ages for a longer period than did the Italian Renaissance; they both were consistent on the change on the forms of art and architecture. Religion was another difference between the two, with some scandals and corruption, taking place because of the influence of the church, the Northern Renaissance became more religious.
The difference between the arts and the cultures of the Northern European and the Italian Renaissance was, the Italian arts had scientific views such as, proportion, anatomy, and perspective during the renaissance. The Northern Europeans view was more toward how art looked. The Italian arts had reflected religion, ancient mythological creatures, spiritual figures and biblical times, such as Jesus, Mary, and the last supper, as well as their beliefs in heaven and the ungodly. Marsilio Ficino, the head of the Platonic Academy of Philosophy and a translator, wrote a book titled the Theologia Platonica. “This book shows how Marsilio Ficino was committed to linking Platonism with Christianity, in the hope that by taking this action it would initiate a spiritual revival and return of the golden age” (Theologia Platonica). This book was a conscious rereading of Plato; particularly his dualistic vision of the psyche (roughly equivalent to the soul or spirit) trapped in the body, but thought we could glimpse the higher world of forms or ideas through study and learning.
The Northern Renaissance art also reflected the religious nature, secular and even mythological themes, worldly goods and pleasures as well as paintings that focused on fleshly pleasures and punishments. The political philosophers looked to describe political life as it was and also to improve the government on the foundation of reason.
As mentioned prior, the North Renaissance liked to believe their arts were more about how art looks rather than scientific views. Color was of key importance, by closely inspecting the Northern Renaissance paintings, the paintings will reveal to the viewer a number of occasions which individual hairs have been carefully changed, along with different object in the room including the artist himself. The artists had painted their subjects just as they had appeared. They paid close attention to every detail such as, dimples, wrinkles, eye color and hair color. The artist strives to paint the human form realistically by using different techniques to naturally show perspective and light.
The Italian artist does not focus on every little detail as the Northern Renaissance artist does. Instead the artist generalizes, within the Italian arts, the paintings usually showed the subjects with no hands, the paintings were also cut off at the bust, and the paintings were usually formal and of social status. This was typical in the early Italian Renaissance, but some changes were made over time to show a little more detail, but not like the Northern Renaissance artist who show every detail in their painting.
The comparison of the Italian and European Renaissance throughout this paper showed that both had both similarities and differences within both their arts and cultures. Both of their artworks had a religious aspect of it, but the most noticeable difference could be in their art styles the Italian artist choose to be more general in their painting as opposed to the Northern European artist that choose to show every detail in their painting.

Reference Page
Theologia Platonica, www.alibris.com retrieved June 26, 2010
Benton, J. and Diyanni, R. (2008). Art and Culture (3rd ed.) An Introduction to the Humanities

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Renaissance Comparison Essay Tom Barnes HUM/205 3-21-2010 Janet Florick In the broader scheme of things, the social changes in Italy were inspired, as we 've seen, by Humanism. Italian artists, writers and philosophers were driven to study Classical antiquity and explore man 's supposed capacity for rational choice. They believed that Humanism led to more dignified and worthy humans. In the north (possibly in part because the north did not have works of antiquity from which to learn)…

    • 417 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Renaissance Comparison

    • 453 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Renaissance: Compare the two David’s: one by Donatello and the other by Michelangelo. Consider formal and contextual elements (FORMAL: viewpoint, materials, volume, texture; CONTEXTUAL: artist, patron, viewers, original location, political/religious/social messages- narrative moment, facial features/expressions). Donatello was an artist in the early Renaissance. His interpretation of David is the earliest known life-size bronze nude European art (Stokstad and Cothren 321). The sculpture stands…

    • 453 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    To begin with, the The Italian Renaissance and the Harlem Renaissance were differentiated in culture but had the same idea. This essay will show you how similar they really were. In both, everyone wanted to know more about culture and creativity. They were all trying to get more information on part of what they already knew.When you want to learn more, what do you do? You look for it. Back the, most people were strugling finding curiosity so the world almost lost a lot of information during the dark…

    • 628 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE COMPARISON 2 RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE COMPARISON 5 Running head: RENAISSANCE AND BAROQUE COMPARISON 1 Renaissance and Baroque Comparison There are two eras in the history of Western Art that had many achievements from art to music and literature. The period following the middle ages called the Renaissance was a cultural movement that began from the late 13th century to the 17th century. The arts, music and literature that came out of this period helped in developing the…

    • 856 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Alyssa Hixon HI101-3 2 December 2010 Essay #2 The Renaissance Man vs. The Renaissance Woman The Renaissance, meaning “rebirth,” was a cultural movement in which emphasis was placed on learning and life in general. New ideas in the fields of literature, philosophy, art, politics, science, and religion became prevalent; as did the search for realistic views of human life through art. Beginning in Italy, this new attitude towards education and life slowly made its way around Europe. Another…

    • 1518 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    University of Phoenix Renaissance Comparison Essay Kattiya Leelawatnakul Hum/205 June 02, 2013 We mark Italian society's rebirth from the medieval period with the changes that occurred during the Italian Renaissance. Civilization was changing and what we consider the modern world was about to begin. The renaissance activity that happened in Europe outside of Italy is called the Northern European Renaissance. Italy's humanist ideas and values moved out of…

    • 1104 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Renaissance means 'rebirth' or 'recovery', has its origins in Italy and is associated with the rebirth of antiquity or Greco-Roman civilization. The age of the Renaissance is believed to elapse over a period of about two centuries, approximately from 1350 to 1550. Above all, the Renaissance was a recovery from the Middle Ages and all the disasters associated with it: the Black Death, economic, political and social crises. For the intellectuals, it was a period of recovery from the "Dark Ages"; a…

    • 3462 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Comparisons of the Renaissance and Baroque Periods Western Governors University Comparisons of the Renaissance and Baroque Periods It was the 14th century and Europe was shrouded in creative and intellectual “darkness” as a result of corrupt and oppressive religion. People lived with the burden of twisted theological rules that permeated both business and personal lives. In a small town in Italy, a group of educators and philosophers started re-examining the Classical…

    • 887 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    A Comparison of the Medieval and Renaissance Eras It is amazing how significantly various aspects of society can and will change over a prolonged period of time. Between the time periods of the Medieval era and the Renaissance, one can note numerous significant changes, mainly those pertaining to art and religion. In general, ideals and subjects during the Renaissance became more secular. In Medieval times, people seemed to focus mainly on the church, God, and the afterlife; Whereas during the…

    • 1115 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    A Comparison of Renaissance and Mannerism Art Traci Willard Western Governor’s University One of the most influential eras of art is the Renaissance period. The Renaissance period began around the fourteenth century in Italy. It continued and spread through Europe until the sixteenth century. This era was marked by considerable political and religious turmoil. The papacy in Rome was occupied with corruption and scandal and Protestant branches breaking from the Church. The Bubonic Plague was…

    • 1121 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays