Renaissance and Political Institutions
Renaissance is a French term meaning rebirth or revival. Renaissance period in the history of Europe starts from the beginning of 15th century to the end of 16th century. The Renaissance manifested the transitional phase from the medieval ages to the modern era. It was a time of social and cultural changes in Europe. It is believed to be the beginning of the modern world and hence the new phase of the political system arrived. Along with society and culture, politics also changed. Renaissance and Politics
Renaissance states had three basic forms of Government: princedoms, monarchies and oligarchies or the republics. One of the largest political changes during that period was segregation of politics from Christianity. Religion was no longer seen as a part of governance and authority. Government and politics both were affected by humanism. Humanism also brought with it the concept of democracy as the society began to value its contribution and opinion in the politics. Hereditary powers began to get ceased because people can raise their class in the class system; they realized that they do not have to stay in the class in which they were born. Feudal system was suspended. But according to some thinkers believe that renaissance failed to develop effective political institutions. The Roman Empire which was ruling over almost the whole Europe since many centuries had collapsed. The sole strong unifying force left was Roman Catholic Church. Politically, the whole Europe was divided but slow and gradual growth in commerce sector unified the continent. Foreign invasions declined. Native rulers in their countries began to combine their powers. They controlled with budding competence and progressively used their power at home as a foundation for development overseas. Italy experienced this trend in many different ways. With the development of urbanization in Italy, people...
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* Epstein, J., & Straub, K. (Eds.). (1991). Body guards: The cultural politics of gender ambiguity. Routledge.
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[ 2 ]. Shapiro, M., & Stone, A. (1994). The new constitutional politics of Europe.Comparative Political Studies, 26(4), 397-420.
[ 3 ]. Nauert, C. G. (2006). Humanism and the culture of Renaissance Europe. Cambridge University Press.
[ 4 ]. Shuger, D. K. (1997). Habits of Thought in the English Renaissance: Religion, Politics, and the Dominant Culture (Vol. 13). University of Toronto Press.
[ 5 ]. Epstein, J., & Straub, K. (Eds.). (1991). Body guards: The cultural politics of gender ambiguity. Routledge.
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