Renaissance

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Renaissance 14th-17th Century

-means “revival”, also, 'rebirth' revival of interest in ancient Greek, Roman culture, humanist scholars attempted to rid feudal Europe of Church domination and conservatism
-old sciences revived, new science emerged
-national languages and cultures took shape, free from Roman Church authority---art and literature flourished
-began in Florence Italy, spread to all of Europe

Due to its geographic position, foreign trade and commerce developed in Italy.
---accumulation of wealth

Rise of Humanism
As wealth accumulated in Italy, an increased interest in other things. Uni, academies, libraries, study. Time and money for things of beauty.
Intellectuals freed from training of priests and spreading Christian faith, began to represent the views of the bourgeoisie, providing middle class with new philosophies and ideas.
---heart of humanist philosophy “ The greatness of man”. See page 131, Shakespeare quotation
---promotion of wealth, pleasure, admiration for human body
--- medieval brooding about death and 'other world' replaced by interest in living for present and future progress of mankind.

Literature
Boccaccio
“Decameron”-tale of 7 women and 3 men on way to escape Black Death. Witty, naughty, praise of true love, wisdom. Began to express the voices of modern society. Considered greatest prose achievement in medieval literature.
Petrarch- “Canzoniers” book of lyrical songs. His works expressed 'true' emotions.

Art
A break with medieval tradition at end of 13th c. Slowed up by Black Death. Revived Early 15th century, a decided break with medieval tradition.
-art broke away from Church domination
--artists, considered craftsman by church, became distinct class like writers and poets---those considered to do 'noble' work.
---themes once focused on Bible, now reflected an interest/appreciation for all aspects of man and nature. Reflected reality in depiction---muscles, sinews, and so on.
--- artists studied ruins of ancient roman and Greek

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