Religion in China and India

Topics: Sikhism, Buddhism, Sikh Pages: 4 (1280 words) Published: February 12, 2007

There are many different religions in both China and India. The most popular religions in China are ancient Confucianism and Taoism, Buddhism, Islam, Protestant, Catholic, and a new form of religion Falun Gong. India has many religions that are different or the same as the Chinese. Indian religions include: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism. There are also many people from China that do not follow a religion because of its communist background.

K'ung Fu Tzu or, Confucius, was born in 551 BC in the state of Lu in China. He traveled throughout China giving advice to its rulers and teaching. His teachings and writings dealt with morality and ethics. His teachings also dealt with the proper exercise of political power. Confucius stressed certain values such as Li, Hsiao, Yi, Xin, Jen, and Chung. Li was based on ritual, propriety, and etiquette. Hsiao was love among family members. Yi was righteousness. Xin was based on honesty and trustworthiness. Jen dealt with benevolence towards others. The highest Confucian virtue Chung is the loyalty to the state. Unlike most Chinese religions, Confucianism is an ethical system with rituals that are importance times during the persons lifetime. The most important periods in the Confucian tradition are birth, reaching maturity, marriage, and death.

Taoism was founded by Lao-Tse. Lao-Tse was a contemporary of Confucius in China. Taoism began as a combination of psychology and philosophy which Lao-Tse hoped would help end the constant feudal warfare and other conflicts of his time. His writings, the Tao-te-Ching, describe the nature of life, the way to peace and how a ruler should lead his life. Taoism became a religion in 440 CE when it was adopted as a state religion.

Buddhism was developed from the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama who, in 535 BC, reached enlightenment and assumed the title Buddha. He said 'The Eight Fold Path' as the path to...

Bibliography: Confucianism. 10 January 2007.
Chinese Cultural Studies: Philosophy and Religion in China. 10 January 2007.
India 's Religion and Philosophy. 10 January 2007.
Religions of India. 10 January 2007.
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