Relieving Chile and Haiti
Many earthquakes strike different countries and very often, and they face efforts to rebuild the nation. Some countries do it better than others and some are more effective. But, this does not only apply to earthquakes but also to other natural disasters such as floods and droughts. In such situations, humanitarian and development aid rush in from different corners of the world and from the countries government. The aid that is received goes into the relief efforts of the country to bring it back to stability. An earthquake struck Chile in 2010 and Haiti 2010 as well. These earthquakes caused mass destruction in countries and disturbed peace. The earthquake in Chile and Haiti had several differences and similarities. The Chilean relief efforts were better than the Haitian relief efforts largely due to the government, social media, sports and the NGO’s.
The main problem that both countries faced sourced from the government. The Chilean government reacted slowly whereas the Haitian government were straight out corrupt. The Haitian government, since it is a poor government, inflated the death toll so as to receive more aid and the surplus aid received would be used for the government’s use or to sell the aid for money. A University of Michigan study revealed that the death toll was approximately 159,000 deaths while a US Geological study revealed that there were approximately 100,000 deaths. The Haitian government inflated the death toll to more than 2 times more. According to the government of Haiti, the death toll ranged between 100,000 to 316,000 deaths. Political acrimony slowed down the progress and also, reconstruction and organisation efforts were very slow largely due to an ever-changing government (representatives of the government frequently changed). The security at Haiti was not doing any better. Riots occurred frequently and across the towns while houses and shops were being looted every now and then. The Haitian government’s only form of help was a failure when they attempted to provide medical aid. Comparing the government of Haiti to the government of Chile, there are similarities and differences. While the Chilean government was not corrupt, they were very slow when it came to relief efforts. They delayed donations from other countries and only allowed aid to flow in 2 days after the strike. Confusing relief efforts cost lives. But, the government went to its best efforts to provide aid. It also allowed local volunteers to help with the distribution of aid which sped up the process a bit and also, construction efforts were faster but still slow. Aid was distributed well and this saved more lives. Comparatively, the Chilean government did a better job than Haiti in providing relief despite delayed efforts. This was largely due to Haiti’s corrupt government. In terms of effectiveness, Haiti’s government were unable to supply aid due to poverty whereas, Chile were able to supply aid but not in great amounts.
NGO’s and multilateral organisations (MO’s) play a huge role in donation of humanitarian and development aid. Over 26% (Oxfam) of aid comes from NGO’s. Like governmental similarities, there were similarities between NGO donations in both the earthquakes. Red Cross and the UN, two of the major NGO’s/MO have donated a large amount. The UN donated $2.38 billion short of their pledged amount of $4.5 billion to Haiti. But, they lived up to their pledge when donating to Chile as they contributed over $10 million. Whereas, the Red Cross donated $6.3 million immediately and then up to $1.3 million in aid supplies to Haiti and a few million dollars plus aid supply to Chile. Several other agencies around the world also donated including individuals like Robert Downey Jr. and David Beckham. An NGO named Family Care Foundation donated $7 million as well. They were just one of the several other agencies/ organisations that donated to both the countries. Apart from money, medical help,...
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