Relative Roles of State and Ngos in Community Development with Respect to Housing as Service Delivery

Topics: Sociology, Rural community development, South Africa Pages: 13 (4277 words) Published: August 22, 2013
Research questions
What are the developments options the state and the Non-governmental organisations have performed for the Peddie Extension area with regard to the housing delivery. Aims and Objectives of the study:

Two aims and objectives have been identified for this study, namely to: * assess whether the stakeholders from the community are satisfied with the housing delivery process and how they have benefitted from the process. * Understand, and analyse the roles played by the state in housing delivery and Non-governmental organisations in service delivery for the rural poor in Peddie Extension.

TABLE OF CONTENTSPAGE NO.
CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1. Introduction and context………………………………………………………...…,..2 2. The background of the study………………………………………………….........4 3. Problem statement………………………………………………………………..........5 4. Research question………………………………………………………………...........7 5. Aims and objectives of the study…………………………………………..………7 6. Limitation of the study…………………………………………………………….…….7 7. Literature of the study…………………………………………………………………..7 8. Focus study area……………………………………………………….……..……..…..9 9. Research methodology…………………………………………………………….....9 10.1 Research design…………………………………………………………..……………….9 10.2 Collection and analysis of data……………………………………….……......10 10. Time frames and budget……………………………………………….…….………11 11. Outlines of the study…………………………………………………………………..11 12. List of reference……………………………………………………………………......13

1. INTRODUCTION AND CONTEXT
Development can be seen as an action which is concerned with the change of economic issues, social issues, cultural backgrounds and political powers. Labonte (in Laverack, 2007:27) suggests that an understanding of community development is often linked to the distribution of resources and to economic, infrastructural and political opportunities as well as social development. The multi-faceted concept of community development comprises of housing provision as a basic physiological human need which is essential for human being. This highlights an important role of the state as to ensure about the provision of the necessary infrastructure and services and available land for housing development. Access to housing delivery places the commitment to the state to reduce poverty and improve quality of people’s social lives. When a state attempts to employ strategies to reduce poverty, to provide necessary service delivery, to involve the poor in their communities in development decision making and resource allocation, it is probable to find its normal and suggested mechanisms inadequate. Additionally when the state endavours to develop the communities by providing with economic policy, basic services and infrastructure, but is rarely targeted toward rural areas and people. Within the context, more is being asked whether the contribution of voluntarily sector to development provides more emphasis on poverty reduction, a community and participatory development. As the state endavours to develop communities, the social, economic and political environment created an operational environment for the NGOs. Literature on Non-governmental organizations indicates that NGOs have played a major role in an attempt to secure the protection of human rights nationally and internationally. Chakawarika (2011) argues that, the existence of NGOs is proving to be a necessity rather than a luxury in societies throughout the modern world. It is evident that in many developing countries, the role of NGOs has evolved in response to the market gaps left by the government (Gaist: 2009). Impelled by the inadequacies of the state and the market, citizens across the globe have developed NGOs to deal with a diversity of social needs. Consequently, it could be argued that NGOs are increasingly identified as crucial role-players in community and people-centred development. Gaist (2009) indicates that the NGOs have frequently...
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