COMMUNICATIONS PAPER 1
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ANCIENT GREEK LANGUAGE TO ENGLISH AND OTHER LANGUAGES
Greek, which is one of the most antediluvian languages, in the world, is common amongst European countries (specifically the Indo-European group).History has it that this language, was coined or made from the Phoenician script. After years of usage, Greek became of the regular languages hence forming foundation for the development of other languages like turned out to be one of the basis of languages and was in turn the basis of the Latin and Cyrillic. History has it that Greek language was what was used in specific texts such as pre-historic journals, books and even the New Testament section of the bible was first written in Greek, The language is spoken by at least 13 million people today in Greece, Cyprus, and Egypt in numerous parts of the world.vGreek roots are often used to coin new words for other languages. Over fifty thousand English words are derived from the Greek language. The phonology, morphology and syntax clearly show how this language is related to English language and other languages. With Greek’s phonology, Greek shows a mixed syllable structure, which allows complex syllabic onsets. It has only oral vowel and a fairly stable set of consonantal contrasts which is just like the English language. The main phonological changes occurred during the Hellenistic and Roman period and affected the formation of English language include replacement of the pitch accent with a stress accent. Simplification of the system of vowels and diphthongs: loss of vowel length distinction, monophthongization of most diphthongs, and several steps in a shifts of in vowels towards /i/ development of the plosives /p/ and /t/ to the voiceless fricatives /f/ and /θ/, respectively; the similar development of /k/ to /x/ may have taken place later (these phonological changes...
References: David Holton, Peter Mackridge, and Irene Philippaki-Warburton, Greek: A Comprehensive Grammar of the Modern Language, Routledge, 1997, ISBN 0-415-10002-X. A reference grammar of modern Greek.
Geoffrey Horrocks, Greek: A History of the Language and Its Speakers (Longman Linguistics Library). Addison-Wesley, 1997. ISBN 0-582-30709-0. From Mycenean to modern.
Brian Newton, The Generative Interpretation of Dialect: A Study of Modern Greek Phonology, Cambridge University Press, 1972, ISBN 0-521-08497-0.
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