In the novel 1984, written by George Orwell in 1949, the reader explores the dystopian state of Oceania through the eyes of Winston Smith. Smith is an Outer Party member and is thus part of the bureaucracy that controls every aspect of life in his country, Oceania. The Party monitors every citizen of Oceania to ensure its power remains absolute, and employs psychological control to do so. The three primary aspects of this control are the utilization of fear, hatred, and propaganda. This type of control over a population was also used by the Nazi’s in Germany in the earlier part of the 20th century, and there are striking similarities in how psychological control was used by both the Nazis in Germany and the Party in 1984. The use of hatred to control a population is exhibited throughout 1984. Early in the novel, Winston Smith is at his place of employment in the Ministry of Truth, the propaganda center of the Party. Every morning all citizens must engage in a ceremony called the 2 Minutes Hate, where everyone sits in front of a large screen and listens to 2 minutes of a speech by a figure called Emmanuel Goldstein, the enemy of the people. Goldstein decries the Party and the general state of Oceania while images of enemy soldiers march endlessly in the backround. The aim of this performance is to enrage all the citizens that are watching to the point of hysteria, which is easily accomplishes. By doing so, the people are distracted from their own misery and project their feelings toward their scapegoat, Emmanuel Goldstein. The average citizen is not aware of the true nature of the Two Minutes Hate and simply sees it as another part of life under the caring wing of the Party, who protects them from such evil figures as Goldstein. Hate Week is similar to the Two Minutes Hate. A week of festivities aimed at enraging the population against all enemies of the state, both foreign and domestic, comprises Hate Week in Oceania. Speeches are given about military victories
Nazi Germany and 1984
A totalitarian government is one in which the state, usually under the control of a single political person, has no limits to its authority and strives to control every aspect of public and private life of each individual. Control over attitudes, values, and beliefs enables the government to erase any distinction between state and society. It is almost as if the population under totalitarian government is broken down and brain washed so much so that the government has complete….
World War II. It seems that throughout my education and lifetime, the topic of how Hitler’s Germany almost ruled the entire world was constantly mentioned in conversations, books, movies, or television programs. After reading George Orwell’s “1984" I saw that there were big similarities between the town of Oceiana and Nazi Germany. Both types of government were extremely similar; in 1984as well as in Nazi Germany, they killed and vaporized people with no remorse and had no respect for humanity. Therefore….
Nazi Germany’s obvious political and military ally in Europe was Italy. The Italians had been governed by a fascist regime under Benito Mussolini since 1925. Italian fascism was very much the elder brother of Nazism, a fact Hitler himself acknowledged. Yet for all their ideological similarities, the relationship between Hitler and Mussolini was bumpy and complex. The alignment of their two countries was consequently not as firm as many anticipated. By the late 1930s Germany and Italy had become military….
NAZISM AND THE RISE OF HITLER (History)
Class – 9
Question. 1. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic ?
Answer i) Weimar was not received of its own people largely because of the term it was forced to accept after Germany was defeated at the end of First World War.
ii) The socialist catholics and democrats who supported it were mockingly called the november criminals.
iii) The Weimar Republic crushed the uprising of soviet of workers with help of war veteran….
The role Nazis played in the Holocaust.
The Holocaust was a unique event in 20th century history. It evolved slowly between 1933 and 1945. It began with discrimination; then the Jews were separated from their communities and persecuted; and finally they were treated as less than human beings and murdered. During the Second World War the Nazis sought to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and to destroy its culture. In 1941 there were about 11 million Jews….
did the Nazi Regime depend on fear rather than popular support for maintaining their control of Germany between 1933-39?
What is this essay asking you to do?
Determine whether the Nazi regime used fear as a method of control of the German people or whether there are other reasons for the fact that the Nazis kept power and control of the German people.
Did propaganda also help?
Was the regime actually popular with Germans?
Why was there no opposition?
Did the Nazis actually….
Psychological Manipulation and Physical Control in 1984
Through the years many governments have tried to control their people through many different ways. However, none of those civilizations came even close to the amount of control that the government displayed in George Orwell’s 1984 had over its’ people. The government of 1984 addressed the task of controlling the people through two main techniques. These two techniques the government used were psychological manipulation and physical control….
In Nazi Germany during the Third Reich, which began in the early 1930’s, the role of Women in the society was greatly affected by different policies that were created by the totalitarian government system. Some of these policies included the Law of Encouragement of Marriage, the Lebensborn program, and the Law for Prevention of Hereditary Diseased Offspring (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum). The law of Encouragement of Marriage said that newly wed couples would be given a loan of 1000 marks….
In Nazi Germany there were many different groups of society. Each group was affected in different ways some good some bad. In this essay I will talk about the five main groups that were affected which were the women, the industrial workers, the agricultural workers, big businesses, Jews and other minorities, and the youth. I will also show you why the industrial workers benefited the most by Hitler coming to power.
The Nazis were a male-dominated organisation. Hitler believed in the traditional….
The Nazi Consolidation of power 1933-34
The Appointment of Hitler as Chancellor
The background to the election of 1933
The Enabling Law
The elimination of opponents and the establishment of the Nazi dictatorship
The Blood Purges, 1934.
Nazi ideology and the policy of Gleichschaltung
Hitler: his personality and his appeal to the German people.
The contribution of other leading Nazis.
Establishing a Dictatorship: The Stabilization of Nazi Power