Santa R Canessa
Prof. Darren Barany
Essay about Chapter I
Since society exists, there’s always have been a superior group that always takes control over society and an inferior group that is usually under the authority of the dominating group. Moreover, the superior group usually has the authoritarianism characteristics. According to George Lundskow authoritarianism means “the desire to dominate anyone or anything perceived as weaker or inferior” (Lundskow 34). For instance, some dominating groups in society can been seen as “evil other or evil enemy” because of its demonized characteristics. On the other hand, religion has a connection with authoritarianism, since it is a dominating group in certain countries and communities. However, religion can be against the “evil other” but in some cases it could be as oppressive as the “evil other”. So, what is the relationship between authoritarianism and the construction of the “evil other” and how does this relate to religion? One of the main characteristic of authoritarianism is to submit any inferior group in a society under the power or obedience of a superior group. For instance “evil other” is the superior group in a certain community; therefore, authoritarianism has a strong relationship in the construction of “evil other”. As an illustration, the government in Arab society is defined as “evil other” because of its desire to take control over women. It is a value to note, females in this country are degraded because the government and the authority, usually dominated by men see the women weak and incapable to take control over situations. Hence, men in Arab society are the “evil other” discriminating women to do jobs and take position as bigger authority, “this evil enemy designation may be placed on a real group or an imaginary group, but either way, the enemy acquires an unreal and impossible stigma- they become an evil with allegedly supernatural powers” (Lundskow 42). This quote...
Cited: Lundskow, George. The Sociology of Religion: The substantive and Transdisciplinary Approach. California: Pine Forge Press, 1964. Print.
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