top-rated free essay


By toyanggoy1296 Mar 12, 2015 852 Words

Is any published papers, books, etc that pertain to a particular topic. It contains literature coming from books, journalism, and other forms of material, concerning or relevant to the study, but are data-free or non – empirical material, coming from both foreign and local sources.  This is written information that could have a relation or relevance to a specific topic of your thesis or dissertation. Is composed of discussions of facts and principles to which the present study is related. These materials are usually printed and found in books, encyclopedias, professional journals, magazines, newspapers, and other publications. May be defined as “Written works collectively, especially, those enduring importance, exhibiting creative imagination and artistic skill which in a particular period, language and subject”. E.g. The works of Paulo Coelho, Jane Austen, and Tom Clancy


Local - if printed in the Philippines.
Foreign - if printed in other lands.


Inquiries or investigations already conducted to which the present proposed study is related or has some bearing or similarity. They are usually unpublished materials such as manuscripts, theses, and dissertations It means to look up details in books, or records, not necessarily part of your official research, but will help you to understand from a different point of view.


Local - if the inquiry was conducted in the Philippines.
Foreign - if conducted in foreign lands.

Importance, Purposes, and Functions of Related Literature and Studies

A survey or review of related literature and studies is very important because such reviewed literature and studies serve as a foundation of the proposed study. This is because related literature and studies guide the researcher in pursuing his research venture.

Sources of Related Literature and Studies

1. Book, encyclopedias, almanacs, and other similar references.  2. Articles published in professional journals, magazines, periodicals, newspapers, and other publications. Sources of Related Literature and Studies 3. Manuscripts, monographs, memoirs, speeches, letters, and diaries. 4. Unpublished theses and dissertations. 

5. The Constitution, and laws and statues of the land. Sources of Related Literature and Studies 6. Bulletins, circulars, and orders emanating from government offices and departments, especially from the Office of the President of the Philippines and the Department of Education, Culture and Sports. Sources of Related Literature and Studies 7. Records from schools, public and private, especially reports of their activities.  8. Reports from seminars educational or otherwise. Sources of Related Literature and Studies 9. Official reports of all kinds, educational, social, economic, scientific, technological, political, etc. from the government and other entities.

Characteristics of Related Literature and Studies
The surveyed materials must be as recent as possible. This is important because of the rapid social, economic, scientific, and technological change. Findings several years ago may be of little value today because of the fast changing life style of the people. There is exception, however. Treatises that deal on universals or things of more or less permanent nature may be still being good today. There are mathematical laws and formulas and statistical procedures that had been formulated a long, long time ago which are being use today with very, very little improvement. This is also true with natural and physical laws. Books on these, though written a long time ago, are still being cited today. Another exception is when a comparison or contrast is to be made between the conditions of today and those of a remote past, say ten or twenty years ago. Naturally, literature and studies about that remote past have to be surveyed and reviewed. Materials reviewed must be objective and unbiased. Some materials are extremely or subtly one sided, political, or religious, etc. Comparison with these materials cannot be made logically and validity. Distorted generalizations may result. Materials surveyed must be relevant to the study. Only materials that have some bearing or similarity to the research problem at hand should be reviewed. Characteristics of Related Literature and Studies. Surveyed materials must have been based upon genuinely original and true facts or data to make them valid and reliable. There are cases where fictitious data are supplied just to complete a research report (thesis or dissertation). Of course, this kind of deception is hard to detect and to prove. Thus, this is a real problem to honest researchers.  Reviewed materials must not be few or too many. They must only be sufficient enough to give insight into the research problem or to indicate the nature of the present investigation. They may also depend upon the availability of related materials.


When we say related literature, we are pertaining to written information about a certain subject of interest which will include those of the books, journals, articles, and internet resources. While when we say related studies, these are focused on the discussion regarding a certain phenomena that could be testable descriptively or experimentally, so it's not just based on information but through inferences. The difference between literature and studies is: 

Literature refers to texts, books, pieces of writing; written works.  Studies refer to research, analysis and/or experimentation regarding a subject, and may refer to written work that regards such studies.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Literature Review

    ...Literature Review Handout Liberty University Online Writing Center 1| Page Handout Description A review of literature is a critical analysis of a portion of the published body of knowledge available through the use of summary, classification, and comparison of previous research studies, reviews of literature, and journal articles (Subje...

    Read More
  • Literature Review

    ...WRITING A LITERATURE REVIEW Outline: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Research process Definition of LR Objectives of LR Steps in writing LR Guideline for planning LR Checklist for LR 1 I .RESEARCH PROCESS A research process – to recap...  How you get the topic/topics of your thesis?  2 THE BASIC RESEARCH PROCESS DecisionDecision-...

    Read More
  • A Manual for Literature Review

    ... Outline  What Is Literature Review?  Why Do Literature Review?  The Steps of Literature Review  Tips for Literature Review  Last but not the least 2010-10-13 Japanese winner of Nobel prize in Chemistry 2 What Is Literature Review? “... a literature review uses as its database reports of primary or original scho...

    Read More
  • Literature

    ...Literature Literature (from Latin litteraetantri (plural); letter) is the art of written works, and is not bound to published sources (although, under circumstances unpublished sources can be exempt). Literally translated, the word literature means "acquaintance with letters" (as in the "arts and letters"). The two major classification of liter...

    Read More
  • Literature Review Format

    ...Literature Review This packet details the steps necessary to produce a literature review that may be required for work in various disciplines, including English, history and psychology. This packet is not intended to replace instructor guidelines and should not be used in that manner. The packet’s intended use is as a supplement to classroom ...

    Read More
  • Importance of Literature

    ...In this article we will talk about the importance of literature reviews as a way of summarsing the state of the art of a field. We will examine ways of constructing literature reviews and we will see in the links provided examples of literature reviews. 2 - Definition of literature review A critical summary and an assessment of the current...

    Read More
  • Literature Review

    ...primary role of literature review in a quantitative research study to gain information on the subject of your research question and identify unbiased and valid studies connected with your research question. For instance, my quantitative research question is “all other factors being equal, do high school students reading popular fiction achiev...

    Read More
  • Eng 125 Introduction to Literature

    ...Final Paper Rough Draft Review the Final Paper instructions in Week Five of this course. Then, write a rough draft for your Final Paper, in which you compare and contrast two literary works from this course that share the same theme (using the “Themes & Corresponding Works” list in the Week Five Final Paper instructions, as a guide)...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.