REGIONAL AND SOCIAL
VARIATION IN BALI
I MADE PUTRA WIDIASMARA
FACULTY OF LETTERS AND CULTURES,
"The term sociolinguistics is used generally for the study of the relationship between language and society" (Yule, 2006, p.205). Sociolinguistics is a branch of applied linguistics which studies the language in relation to social elements; it is the study of relationships between language and social and cultural elements that influence it (Holmes, 2006). Sociolinguists are generally concerned with the social implications of the use and reception of language. They carry out basic research on language variations, sensitivity, and acquisition among social groups of all types based on social status, age, race, sex, family, friendship units and all kinds of relationships. Sociolinguistics is also concerned with topics such as dialect geography, bilingualism, linguistic interference, social dialectology "including studies of social stratification and minority group speech), language situations "language rivalries, standardization, language as a means for group identification and functional styles", and attitudes toward language (Shuy, 1969, pp 13-22). The goal of this branch of linguistic study is to shed light on linguistic diversity and to describe and model the sociolinguistic, textual and areal factors that affect choice between expressional variants. The effects that these factors have on the development of language as well as empirical and theoretical investigation of language internal change are focused upon here. Linguistic change occurs due to variation within a language or then because of contacts between languages, and very often one has to deal with the combined effect of both of these sources of change. All languages that we can observe today show variation; what is more, they vary in identical ways, namely regionally and socially. These two parameters, along which variation occurs, are in principle independent of each other, although we shall see that there are ways in which they (and others to be discussed later) are interlinked. We shall consider each in turn. It is really interesting to find one language have a variation in a same region, such as Bali. These variations spread along this small island make one place to another have its own interpretation toward a word from the same language and have many definition that makes those words unique to its speakers. That is why language varieties is decided as the subject of this study, the way how this variation of language developed among its speakers raise many question and that is what this paper tried to study.
A. What are the regional language and social language in Bali? B. How is the regional and social variation in Balinese language?
A. To identify the regional language and social language in Bali. B. To explain the regional and social variation in Balinese language.
4. Scope of Discussion
The scope of discussion in this paper are limited into the regional language and social laguage only in Bali and the variation in ragional and social language in Balinese langage. 5. Research Method
5.1 Data Source
The data source will taken from from the interview and questionnaire from the native speakers in Bali. The data also will be taken from library and litrarary works that related to the study. The reason for choosing Balinese language as a subject study because the environment of the language is around this paper being worked. 5.2 Method and Techniques of Collecting Data
The method for collecting data is by direct interview, questionnaire, and library research. First find a couple of trustworthy native speakers with an obvious background as the informant, interview the informants, spread the questionnaire that related to the research purpose to the native speakers society and collect the result. After the raw data...
References: Chambers, J.K & Trudgill, Peter (1980) Dialectology. London: Cambridge University Press
Holmes, Janet. (2006). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Pearson Longman.
Shuy, Roger W. (1967). The Relevance of Sociolinguistics for Language Teaching. Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc.
Wardhaugh, R. 2006. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. United Kingdom: Blackwell
Yule, George. (2006). The Study of Language (3rd edition). New York: Cambridge University
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