Reformation: Renaissance and Fourteenth Century

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Study Guide Ch. 12-14  AP European History
Mr. Piersma  Santa Ynez Valley Union High School
Chapter 12—The Crisis of the Later Middle Ages
AP European History Style Questions
Analyze the Black Death's impact on Europe's late medieval economy, society, and culture.
Evaluate the relative importance of economic and political causes of the Hundred Years' War.
Compare and contrast the consequences of the Hundred Years' War on England and France.
Analyze the impact of late medieval political, economic, and cultural events on the growth of centralized political power.
To what extent did events during the late Middle Ages impact the Roman Catholic Church's authority and prestige (1300-1450)?
Evaluate the overall impact of an increasing sense of ethic and proto-national identity on late medieval historical development.
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES
After reading and studying this chapter, students should be able to explain the process that brought the Black Death to Europe and how this disease spread throughout Europe in the later Middle Ages. They should be able to summarize the consequences of the Black Death in Europe. They should be able to discuss the impact of the Hundred Years' War on France and England, in particular on the English parliament. Students should be able to list the problems that led to disorder in the later medieval Catholic Church. Finally, students should be able to identify the most important consequences of the social and economic tensions that marked this period.
CHAPTER OUTLINE
I. Prelude to Disaster: The fourteenth-century climate changes in Europe led to reduced food production, which led to numerous social and economic problems.
A. Climate Change and Famine: The “Little Ice Age” caused a “Great Famine” (1315-1322), with related problems such as increased disease and reduced population and trade.
1. Between 1300 and 1450, Europe experienced a "Little Ice Age."
2. Harsh weather led to ruined harvests.
3. Poor nutrition

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