B.S. Management – I Instructor I: Mr. Ronald Pernia
“Reaction Paper about Aristotle”
In our previous discussions we have learned about Plato and his connection to Aristotle, Aristotle is the most notable product of the education program devised by Plato. But if we closely look at the works of this two great Philosopher we could easily infer that there is a very big difference between their works in spite of the fact that Aristotle studied in the Academy of Plato. Plato is very rational and on the other hand Aristotle is very idealistic.
The Virtue and happiness of the citizens is the highest good of all by Aristotle, and the purpose of the city is to make possible for the citizens to achieve this virtue and happiness. He also discuss the components of a Polis which start with the male and female and master and slave that makes up a household and this household will form a village and this village will form the Polis.
The man the political animal, unlike any animals, humans have the capacity for speech which means not only speech but also reason. The purpose of speech assigned to men by nature is to reveal what is advantageous and harmful, & by doing so to reveal what’s good or bad, just and unjust. How can he say that man is the worst of animals if in his own words he said that we are capable of REASONING and to discern what is GOOD and BAD? Next is slavery, Aristotle himself says that the sort of war that involves hunting “those human beings who are naturally suited to be ruled but unwilling . . . is by nature just.” We can never say that slavery is just, maybe practically it is but ideally it’s not, because it is an unwilling act, you are forcing a person to do things which is he/she is not obliged to do as a human like you.
In this part you can see how bias he is because he is from the upper class family, in relation to what he said about democracy that it is the worst form of constitution and the middle class family should rule a polis because of the reason that a leader from the middle class will understand the feeling of the upper and lower class. This contradicts his own attitude because he is not thinking of the other individuals living in the Polis he is mainly thinking of himself as a part of the first class. Third, the Men over the Women, another bias thing from him because he is a man, where in he only thinks of what he see is natural, but not seeing the factors behind this, he is not thinking rationally. This is the great difference between men and women because men only think in a straight manner in making decisions unlike women who sees each aspects and factors to be affected. Last is bipolarism, why should be there bipolarism on the first place? We are all made equal and as human beings we are capable of discerning good and evil. If he says that it’s the rule of nature to have these inequalities between men and women, the master and slave, parents and children, how can they achieve virtue and happiness which is the reason for having a city? This is very impossible if on the very first place they are being deprived from their right as human beings. Applying these things on our current state today, inequality and deprivation is the very main root why Philippines are not going forward. Being bias and egoistic is the reason for corruption, thus before making decisions it is fitting and proper that we should look on the factors that will be affected. Like the human body there should be equal distribution of nutrients and blood in order for a person to be healthy, relating these on the ideas of Plato we cannot be a healthy state if there is deprivation and inequality of rights, making the state sick. A leader should serve and not to be served, let as not be blind of the reality that is happening in our society today, it doesn’t mainly look on the constitution we have but it will be about the persons who are given the power to rule and the persons who are willing to cooperate.