Reducing Child Mortality

Topics: United Nations, Millennium Development Goals, United Nations Millennium Declaration Pages: 2 (670 words) Published: October 10, 2014
LGSMUN VI Represented by Position Paper, WHO Alishba Imran Delegate of Syria L.G.S. Shahjamal Delegate of Syria Represented by, Alishba Imran, Lahore Grammar School Shahjamal
Topic Area B: Millennium Development Goal 4: Reducing Child Mortality The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The MDGs highlight all the global issues that have been neglected in the past. One of these is child mortality. Child mortality-the death of children and infants under the age of five years— is on the decline around the world but remains unacceptably high. Child mortality has been reduced from an estimated 12 million deaths in 1990 to an estimated 6.6 million in 2012. However, 18,000 children still tragically lose their lives every day around the world. Urgent action is needed to treat and prevent the leading causes of child mortality including pneumonia (17% of all under-five deaths), preterm birth complications (15%), complications during birth (10%), diarrhea (9%), and malaria (7%). Globally, about 45 percent of under-five deaths are attributable to under nutrition. The first 28 days of life—the neonatal period - is the most vulnerable in a newborn’s life. In 2012, close to three million babies died during the first month of life, mostly...
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