Recruitment and selection:
Recruitment and selection are two of the most important functions of personnel management. recruitment precedes selection and helps in selecting a right candidate. recruitment is a process to discover the sources of manpower to meet the requirement of the staging schedule and to employ measures for attracting that manpower in adequate to facilitate effective select of efficient personnel.
Staffing is one basic function of management. All managers have responsibility of staffing function by selecting the chief executive and even the foremen and supervisors have a staffing responsibility when they select rank and file workers. However, the personnel manager and his personnel department is mainly concerned with the staffing function. Every organization needs to look after recruitment and selection in the initial period and thereafter as and when additional manpower is required due to expansion and development of business activities. “ Right person for the right job” is the basic principle in recruitment and selection. Every organization should give attention to the selection of its manpower, especially its managers. The operative manpower is equally important and essential for the orderly working of an enterprise. Every business organization/unit needs manpower for carrying different business activities smoothly and efficiently and for this recruitment and selection of suitable candidates are essential. Human resource management in an organization will not be possible if unsuitable persons are selected and employement in a business unit.
Recruitment means to estimate the available vacancies and to make suitable arrangements for their selection and appointment. Recruitment is understood as the process of searching for and obtaining applicants for the jobs, from among whom the right people can be selected. A formal definition states, “It is the process of finding and attracting capable applicants for the employment. The