It was clear to people in the late 1800s that the Civil War caused many national problems along with problems within the union. However, the Civil War assuaged many problems for the country. For example, slavery was abolished, the supremacy of the national government had been confirmed, and secession had been proved false. Some people may believe that the main reason why the congress’ reconstruction efforts to ensure equal rights to the freedmen failed was because virtually no one in America thought blacks were equal to whites. Basically it was because people still have racial thoughts; slaves didn’t get to fully acquire the meaning and prerogatives of their rights; in other words they were uneducated. Also during the reconstruction multiple deals were made in order to make things go by in certain parties favor.
One reason the congress ' attempt to grant equal rights to African Americans during the reconstruction failed were because many African Americans weren’t educated. After the Thirteen Amendment abolished slavery, many radical Republicans believed that freedmen should be allowed to vote on an equal term. However, many people opposed this idea. Such as Congressman Boyer, he believed that African Americans should be denied the right to vote because “the negro race is by nature inferior in mental caliber” they aren’t equal to white, therefore they shouldn’t be able to vote (doc. one). Also most African Americans were compelled to give up any political power that they have been given in order to earn a living. It was clear to most people that the African Americans would rather earn a living then be able to vote, so by doing this it would slowly eliminate African Americans from voting. “Negroes who wanted work must not dabble in politics.” Said Dr. W.E.B. DuBois. (Doc. six)
Another main reason why the congress’ attempt to grant equal rights to African Americans failed because many people Union were racist. Racism