Reconstruction Era

Topics: American Civil War, Southern United States, Democratic Party Pages: 1 (308 words) Published: April 2, 2013
A.Compare the membership of Congress (both houses) and the "typical" American citizen. For starters, the expectations of a member of congress are highly different from that of a typical citizen. The expectation and duties of a Member of Congress are extensive, encompassing several roles that could be full time jobs within itself. One Outstanding difference is there income. Most members of Congress are considerably wealthy and earn a pretty high income where as a typical citizen usually doesn’t come close.. In the year 2010 a member of Congress earned around 174, 000 which is more than 5 times what a typical citizen made.

B. How did the makeup of the congress change during the reconstruction era before the national troops left the South (1877), specifically regarding the new African American members in congress? One of the most important aspects of Reconstruction was the active participation of African Americans in the political, economic and social life of the South. The era was defined by their quest for freedom and equal rights under the law, both as individuals and for the black community as a whole. During Reconstruction, almost 2,000 African Americans held public office, from the local level all the way up to the U.S. Senate, though they never achieved representation in government proportionate to their numbers. During the first two years of Reconstruction, blacks organized Equal Rights Leagues throughout the South and held state and local conventions to protest discriminatory treatment and demand suffrage, as well as equality before the law. These African American activists bitterly opposed the Reconstruction policies of President Andrew Johnson which excluded blacks from southern politics and allowed state legislatures to pass restrictive "black codes” regulating the lives of the freed men and women.. In short, I believe the makeup of congress changed due to the entering of African American.
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