Topics: Reconstruction era of the United States, Southern United States, American Civil War Pages: 4 (1684 words) Published: March 17, 2013
Congress put an effort to ensure that equal rights were given to freedman during reconstruction. The conflict was between the norths and south, the disputes between one another caused the south separated from the north because of the protective tariffs, unequal political power and different views on slavery. The dispute between the north and south caused the civil war. Due to the civil war 620,000 people were killed or wounded. Slavery was abolished but many properties were destroyed and it created huge tensions and problems between states. The south needed to reconstruct because of all the damage caused by the civil war. The reconstruction period accorded after the civil war. Due to the fact that congress made an effort in reconstruction and giving the freedmen equal rights, it was not permitted in the south. The freedmen were not ensured or allowed equal rights in the south because of many political, economic, and social causes. During reconstruction states reorganized under federal control and restored to the union. Lincoln created the ten year plan which pardons all southerners who pledged loyalty to the United States. Johnson followed Lincoln’s plans but Johnson readmitted the southern states to the union as long as the declared secession, swear allegiance to the union, and ratify the 13th amendment. New amendments were added to the constitution, the 13th, 14th, and 15th. The 13th amendment was the abolishment of slavery. The 14th is where it stated that all native born persons within the United States are considered citizens. The 15th amendment states that states could not keep citizens from voting due the race, color, or of previous condition of servitude. Even though the free slaves were given the rights in the constitutional amendments, reconstruction failed to ensure the equality on political, economic and social levels for the freedman. Freedman had little to no say in the government, their voice was not heard. African Americans were denied the right...
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