Recognize Indications of Substance Misuse

Topics: Drug addiction, Addiction, Alcoholism Pages: 8 (3803 words) Published: June 19, 2013
ASM 1: Recognise indications of substance misuse and refer to specialists 1.1 – Substance abuse covers misuse of a range of mind altering substances. It can have a severe impact on your functioning as well as your physical health. Substance abuse or misuse is defined as the continued misuse of any mind-altering substance that severely affects person’s physical and mental health, social situation and responsibilities. Alcohol dependence is the most common form of substance misuse, but any drug, including heroin, cocaine, crack and cannabis, comes into this category, as does the misuse of glue and aerosols. Substance abuse may also include smoking cigarettes or drinking excessive amounts of coffee. Although not strictly a form of substance abuse, the eating disorder bulimia nervosa does involve the misuse of food. Most forms of substance abuse may give you a temporary feeling of well-being or of being in control, but all of them can ultimately damage your health. Caffeine

Coffee, tea and chocolate all contain caffeine. It is also added to some soft drinks and energy drinks as well an ingredient in some painkillers and cold remedies. The average cup of coffee contains around 40mg of caffeine per cup, a can of cola around 23mg, and some energy drinks have four times that amount. Plain chocolate has 40mg caffeine per 100g – nearly three times as much as milk chocolate Drugs

Medicinal drugs, such as tranquillisers and sleeping tablets, may have been prescribed for very good reasons, but they can also cause health problems if used for long periods. Tranquillisers are thought only to really help anxiety for about a month and sleeping tablets are only effective for a couple of weeks. After that time people will need a higher dose to get the same effect. Street drugs, such as cannabis or ecstasy, are usually taken for recreational purposes. How they affect you will depend on the type of drug, your own physiology, the amount you use, your mood and your environment. For some people, the first hit can cause problems, especially if the drug contains impurities. For other people, the problems may start as their bodies get used to the repeated use of the drug, and they need higher and higher doses to maintain the same effect. Types of drugs

All drugs can be divided up according to the main effect they have on users. Stimulants
This group includes caffeine and tobacco as well as amphetamines, anabolic steroids, ‘poppers’, hallucinogenic amphetamines (ecstasy), cocaine and crack. They act on the central nervous system and increase brain activity. Users generally feel more confident and alert, are able to stay awake for longer and can perform physical tasks for a longer period of time. High doses can cause nervousness and anxiety (except for tobacco). Stimulants can also cause temporary feelings of paranoia (except for tobacco and caffeine). Depressants

These include minor tranquillisers such as diazepam, librium and temazepam, solvents, glues, aerosols and gases. Depressants act on the central nervous system and slow down brain activity. They relax you, making you feel less tense and anxious, but at the same time impair mental and physical activity and decrease self-control. Analgesics

Analgesics are painkillers and include heroin, opium, pethidine and codeine. They make users less sensitive to emotion and physical pain and produce feelings of warmth and contentment. Hallucinogens

This group includes cannabis, LSD and magic mushrooms. Hallucinogens act on the mind, heightening sensations and distorting the way users see and hear things. Food - Bulimia nervosa
People with bulimia nervosa can’t stick to a healthy eating pattern, they binge on a lot of food all at one time. This makes them feel guilty and out of control so they then panic and punish themselves by starving, making themselves sick, taking laxatives or over-exercising. This can lead to a number of physical problems including tooth decay, constipation...
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