Topics: Cognitive behavioral therapy, Psychotherapy, Cognitive therapy Pages: 7 (620 words) Published: June 2, 2015
Donna, Kevin and Cindy

Albert Ellis – R.E.B.T
• Rational Emotive Behaviour therapy is a form of psychotherapy and a philosophy of living created by Ellis in 1950’s.
• R.E.B.T focusses on helping clients change irrational beliefs. • Based on the premise that whenever we become upset it is not the event that has taken place that upsets us, it is the beliefs that we hold that causes the onset of depression, anxiety and so on. • Ellis and R.E.B.T believed the vast majority of us want to be happy. • The goal of R.E.B.T is to help people alter illogical beliefs and negative thinking patterns in order to overcome psychological disorders and mental distresses.

Albert Ellis – R.E.B.T
• Ellis developed a simple ABC format to teach people how their beliefs caused their emotional and behavioural responses
• A – Something happens
• B – Belief about the situation
• C – Emotional reaction to the belief
• Ellis believed there to be 3 common irrational beliefs;
- I must do well and win the approval of others for my performance or else I am no good.
- Other people must treat me considerately, fairly and kindly, and in exactly the way I want them to treat me. If they don’t, they are no good and they deserve to be punished
- I must get what I want, when I want it; and I must not get what I don’t want. It’s terrible if I don’t get what I want and I cant stand it.

Albert Ellis – R.E.B.T
• Clients who benefit would be those who lack assertiveness or have issues with negative thinking and depression. R.E.B.T also works well with family and marital counselling. Principles can be applied to education and child therapy.

• R.E.B.T works well on a one to one or in a group setting. • Advocates self-help approach through reading, listening to tapes, lectures and workshops.
• Clients who wish to look into their childhood or experienced trauma are unlikely to have success with R.E.B.T.
• Windy Dryden has worked on moving forward R.E.B.T. and has created R.E.C.B.T. – Dryden has used the concept and focuses on emotional and relationship problems.

Aaron Beck - CBT
• Cognitive behaviour therapy is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand their thoughts and
feelings that influence behaviour.
• CBT is generally short term and focussed on helping a client with a very specific problem.
• During treatment clients learn how to deal with negative thought processes.
• The goal of CBT is to teach clients that where they cannot control every aspect of the world around them, they can take control of how they interpret and deal with things in their environment. • Beck developed CBT in the 1960’s and his research led him to look at ways on conceptualising depression.

Aaron Beck - CBT
• Beck discovered new ideas in CBT, explaining that different disorders were associated with distorted thinking.
• Beck believed that a clients core beliefs were exposed by frequent negative automatic thoughts.
• CBT can be done on an individual basis or in a group.
• Individual sessions may last between 5 and 20 weeks for
between 30 and 60 minutes.
• Homework tasks such as a diary may be promoted to help
clients record thoughts and feelings.

Aaron Beck - CBT
• CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders
including phobias, addictions, depression, schizophrenia, and anxiety.
• CBT will not be suitable for anyone looking for a ‘quick-fix’ or clients who wish to refer to their childhood for answers.
• Steve De Shazer progressed Beck’s theory by developing Solution Focussed Brief Therapy.
• This encourages clients to think in terms of mental well being and finding solutions to their difficulties.
• SFBT emphasises health rather than psychopathology, rapport is essential within this practice and it strongly focuses on finding solutions and goals.

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