The King of England and Parliament were the direct causes of the American Revolution, because of their demands on colonists and harsh reactions after the colonists failure to meet their ridiculous expectations. These demands were far greater than any loyal American was able to provide.
The taxes placed on Americans were so heinous that the sugar in their mugs was taxable. Survival while paying these taxes was slim to none. How could Britain force such severe taxes on the greatest asset of the crown. The Stamp Act forced the colonies to purchase a stamp with prices of upwards of four pounds on all legal papers, advertisements, newspapers, calendars, and playing cards. The colonists politely petitioned Parliament and the King but only to find they were speaking to a deaf ear.
The Quartering Act was the worst demand placed on colonists. This forced colonists to provide food and shelter to men who took American jobs and raped American women. Why should Americans waste their hard earned money on men sent to enforce the unbearable English demands.
The Currency Act hurt colonists by making paper money, which Americans had an abundance of, useless and converting them to gold and silver which was very scarce there.
The American sailors were also subject to hardships brought forth by the British. They were forced by impressment to join the Royal Navy to fight against their own brothers.
By placing duties on all imported goods, this raised the prices so much that all the colonists could afford were smuggled goods. The smugglers were also hard to get things from because the British had the right to search all ships without warrants.
How could a loyal hard-working American colonists pledge their allegiance to a country where the sovereign does not recognize their rights, their presence in Parliament, and their importance to Great Britain's survival.