Phonics & Remedial Teaching
Remedial phonics teaches students to break words down into "phonemes" or speech sounds, the smallest units of spoken language.
Students must learn to recognize phonemes and their corresponding letter combinations to the point where it becomes automatic. This requires a lot of drill and practice in two directions: auditory to visual, and visual to auditory. In auditory drills, students might listen to the phoneme and write down the corresponding letter. In visual drills, they might practice recognizing letters and sounding them out.
Teaching students to recognize and use different types of syllable is another crucial element in a remedial phonics program.
A key skill in learning to read is dividing longer words into syllables.
Once students have mastered the basic phonemes, they are ready for a more advanced study of morphology, which breaks down words into their smallest units of meaning. These units, called "morphemes" include affixes, base words and roots. Syntax (formal grammar) and reading comprehension strategies are also taught.
Traditional classroom teaching tends to emphasize auditory and visual learning, but does not give students much opportunity to use touch or movement in acquiring new information and skills. Remedial phonics instruction must utilize all three learning pathways simultaneously--auditory, visual and kinesthetic-tactile.
Intensive phonics instruction is widely regarded as the best remedial approach for students who have difficulty learning to read and spell. This is especially true of intelligent children who are less sensitive to the speech sounds that make up words, or who may have difficulty with visual processing. There are no quick fixes, but with the right instruction these students can learn to read and write as well as anybody. Elementary Reading Help: Reading Aloud to your 3rd and 4th Graders
Reading is a basic focus and receives a lot of attention in class, but there isn't enough time in the school day to reinforce all the skills your child is expected to master. Elementary school students benefit from any outside help they can get to help them master the fundamentals of reading. Parents can help by reading aloud with their students. Reading aloud encourages students to practice reading skills like clear enunciation. It can allow parents to monitor their third and fourth grader's reading. Best of all, reading aloud can help bring your family together. Many families have a hard time developing, and sticking to, a reading schedule. But the sessions don't need to be long. You can build it into the bedtime ritual. It's a great time for you and your student to bond and relax before going to sleep at the end of a hectic day. If you have more than one child, try reading with each child separately. This gives children the chance to read at their own pace and ability and creates a special time for just the two of you. Parents can create a reading ritual very early in a child's life. In fact, within the first few months of life, an infant can watch pictures and listen to your voice as you read. You can help your baby or toddler with word recognition by pointing at an object as you say the object's name. Have your child follow along with the words using their pointer finger. By reading together, you can select works that are slightly beyond their current reading skill level. Helping your child with words and concepts they don't understand will build their vocabulary. It's a great way to foster growth without the pressure of assignments that comes with school...
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