CHAPTER 1: THREE OLD WORLDS CREATE A NEW, 1492-1600
GUIDED READING QUESTIONS
Know: Old World, New World
Are the terms old world and new world biased?
Old World :
Europeans fleeing poverty & religious persecution.
1. What conditions existed in what is today the United States that made it "fertile ground" for a great nation? Abundant natural resources
Prior inhabitance & cultivation of the land by the Native Americans
The Shaping of North America
Lake Bonneville covering most of Idaho & Utah today-it drained into the Pacific- drained the west through the Snake River & Columbia River system. Lake Bonneville’s beaches are visible 1,000 ft. up of the floor of the Great Basin. Salt Lake lost its outlet and evaporation caused it to become saline.
Formed before continental separation. 350 million yrs. Ago.
Caused by many river valleys. Slope upward to the Appalachians.
135-25 million yrs. ago after continental separation.
Great Lakes: weight of the ice caused depressions in the Canadian Shield. This scoured away the topsoil
Missouri Mississippi-Ohio River System: Drained the level of the Great Lakes.
2. Speculate how at least one geographic feature affected the development of the United States.
• Select a geographic region, explain how the geographic feature affected the development of the United States in each of the following time periods:
The First Discoverers of America
35,000 yrs ago the oceans congealed causing the sea level to drop, and exposing the land bridge between Siberia and Alaska. Nomad crossed the land bridge. About 10,000 years ago, as the Ice Age ended, sea levels began to rise and the land bridge was covered with water once again.
3. "Before the arrival of Europeans, the settlement of the Americas was insignificant." Assess this statement.
Insignificant infers that lower population levels were inferior to the larger population levels in other parts of the world. Also, new research suggests that the native populations of North America were actually much higher than previously thought.
The Earliest Americans
Maize: corn- transformed groups into agricultural societies as it spread throughout the Americas.
Aztecs: Nation-state in present day Mexico
Incas: Nation-state in present-day Mexico
Pueblo: maize reached the American southwest around 1200 bc. Rio Grande Valley established irrigation systems for their corn. Multistoried terraced buildings (pueblo means “village” in Spanish)
Mound Builders: Chaokia: 40,000 in 1100 A.D. around 1300 population began to decline. (Monk’s Mound) Creek, Choctoaw, & Cherokee were among the highest populations.
Three-sister Farming: corn, squash, & beans. Beans grew up corn stalk and squash retained moisture in soil.
Iroquois: Northeastern woodlands, democratic political system
4. Describe some of the common features of North American Indian culture.
Agricultural- yet impermanent settlements.
Did not attempt to dominate nature
Use quotes from pages 9-10 in textbook. “They were so thinly spread across the continent that vast areas were virtually untouched by a human presence.” 4 million…….
Indirect Discoverers of the New World
Vinland: From Scandanavia 1,000 AD, Newfoundland (covered in wild grapes- hence the name vinland)
Crusaders: 1300’s crusaders seeking to free holy land from Muslim control. This gave Europe a taste for foreign goods i.e: ilk, spices, drugs, perfumes- ***sugar
Merchants ought cheaper means for the transportation of goods.
Venice: Italian trading city
Genoa: Italian trading city
Describe the impact of sugar and the development of Europe’s “sweet tooth” on the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document