Reading Guide Chapter 1 Sections 1 3

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, North America, Americas Pages: 6 (698 words) Published: November 17, 2014
The Americans
Unit 1: American Beginnings to 1783
Chapter 1: Three Worlds Meet: Beginnings to 1506
Section 1: Peopling the Americas
Main Idea: In ancient times, migrating peoples settled the Americas, where their descendants developed complex societies. Why It Matters: Patterns of immigration have always shaped and continue to shape American history.

Personal Connections: America has been described as a nation of immigrants. Do you know when your family migrated to the United States? Where did they come from? Why did they come?

Vocabulary: As you read define the following terms in a sentence or two.

Nomadic

Reading Summary Guide for Section 1
Fill in the blanks of these key point statements or answer the questions after you read. 1) Centuries after the first Americans arrived, a new wave of immigration brought together people from three complex societies: __________________________, __________________________, and _______________________.

2) The first people to arrive in America came from _____________ by crossing a ___________________, now called Berinigia.

3) What were the effects of agriculture on the hunters - gatherers of the Americas?

4) Fill in the chart below that summarizes the early civilizations discussed in this section. The first group has been filled in for you as an example

Civilization
Dates Existed
Location
Achievements
Olmec
1200 BC – 400 BC
Central America
First empire of Americas
Maya

Aztec

Inca

Hohokam

Anasazi

Adena

Hopewell

Mississipian

Section 2: North American Societies Around 1492
Main Idea: The varied landscapes of North America encouraged the diversity of Native American cultures. Why it matters: Many modern Native American groups maintain ancient customs of their respective cultures. Personal Connections: Does your family retain any cultural practices from its ethnic heritage? What types of things do you do?

Vocabulary: Define the following terms in one or two sentences. kinship

division of labor

commodity

Reading Summary Guide for Section 2
Fill in the blanks for the following key statements or answer the questions after you read. 1) The Kashaya Pomo and other native peoples regarded the Americas as _______________________.

2) Explain in a sentence or two how geography impacted the lives of each native group listed below. Give specific examples. The Kashaya Pomo have been done for you as a model.

The Kashaya Pomo lived along the Northern California coast. They used the rocks from the beaches to hunt waterfowl with slingshots.

Pueblo

Iroquois

3) Despite their many differences, native groups shared cultural characteristics, including: patterns of trade, ­­­­­__________________________, certain religious beliefs, and ______________________.

4) Native groups had established trade routes stretching the continents. They traded things such as wild rice, pottery, fish oil, meat, and hides. One thing they did not trade was _________. They believed that ________ could not be bought, sold, or traded because ____________________ ____________________________________________________________________________.

5) Native religions believed that the world contained many _____________. Each living and non-living thing possessed its own ___________.

6) Name two elements that shaped native groups’ social organization. In a brief sentence explain how each element worked.

7) Opinions and Conclusions: What does the term Native Americans mean? Is it a good way to describe the various native groups that first populated the American continents? Why or Why not?

Section 3: West African Societies Around 1492
Main Idea: West Africa in the 1400s was home to a variety of people and cultures.

Why it Matters: Modern African Americans have strong ancestral ties to the people of West Africa.

Personal Connections: Do you feel...
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