Re Islam Research Notes

Topics: Islam, Muhammad, Islamic calendar Pages: 6 (1726 words) Published: July 25, 2013
Introduction…………………………………………………….i Islam Festivals…………………………………………………1 Al-Hijra…………………………………………………………………1 Mawlid an Nabi…….….……………………………………….…2 Lailat al Miraj……………………………………………………...3 Lailat al Qadr…….………………………………………………..4 Eid ul Fitr……………………………………………………………..5 Eid ul Adha…………………………….…………………………….6 Ashura……………………………….………………………………..6 Rites of passage…………………………………………..7-9 Conclusion……………………………………………………10

This book has been made for the readers to better understand the importance of both the Islamic Festivals and the Rites of passage from the point of view of Islams. There are only two Muslim festivals set down in Islamic law: Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha ("Eid" or "Id" which means festival).There are also several other special days which Muslims celebrate.

Al-Hijra
The Islamic New Year’s Day.

This festival commemorates the Hijra (or Hegira) in 622 CE when the Prophet Mohammed moved from Mecca to Medina.

This was the beginning of the growth of Islam into a world faith. The Muslim calendar counts dates from the Hijra, which is why Muslim dates have the suffix A.H. (After Hijra).

There is no specific religious ritual required on this day, but Muslims will think about the general meaning of Hijra, and regard this as a good time for "New Year Resolutions".

The Qur’an uses the word Hijra to mean moving from a bad place or state of affairs to a good one - and so Muslims may think about how their faith helps them leave behind bad ways of living and achieve a better life.

Mawlid an Nabi
The birthday of the Prophet Mohammed.

At this time Muslims think about Mohammed, and the events of his life. Muslim parents will tell stories of the Prophet’s life to their children.

Some Muslims disapprove of celebrating the birthday, on the grounds that it is an innovation, and innovations in religious matters are forbidden. Why? Because if changes were made in religious matters it would imply that Islam was not complete when it was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed, or that the Prophet did not tell Muslims everything that was revealed to him. This would be seen as highly sacrilegious by many Muslims.

Lailat al Miraj
The night journey and ascent of the Prophet Mohammed, and the revelation of Salat.

The festival is celebrated by telling the story of how the Prophet Mohammed was visited by two archangels while he was asleep, who purified his heart and filled him with knowledge and faith. The Prophet travelled from Mecca to Jerusalem in a single night on a strange winged creature called Buraq. From Jerusalem he ascended into heaven, where he met the earlier prophets, and eventually God. During his time in heaven Mohammed was told of the duty of Muslims to recite Salat (ritual prayer) 5 times a day.

Lailat al Qadr
The festival of The Night of Power marks the night in which the Qur’an was first revealed to the Prophet Mohammed by Allah. Muslims regard this as the most important event in history, and the Qur'an says that this night is better than a thousand months (97:3), and that on this night the angels descend to earth. This is a festival that Muslims spend in study and prayer. Some will spend the whole night in prayer or in reciting the Qur’an. Lailat al Qadr is a good time to ask for forgiveness. Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever establishes the prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah's rewards (not to show off) then all his past sins will be forgiven." (Bukhari Vol 1, Book 2: 34). The date of 27 Ramadan is a traditional date, as the Prophet Mohammed did not tell us when the Night of Power would be, although he suggested it was in the last 10 days of the month. Because of this, many Muslims will treat the last 10 days of the month of Ramadan as a particularly good time for prayer and reading the Qur’an.

Eid ul Fitr
This marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting, and is a festival of great celebration. In Islamic countries it is a public holiday. The...
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