Rational Choice Theory Essay

Good Essays
came up with to believing why crimes are committed. The classical theory, written by Cesare Beccaria says humans have free will, to choose how they want to act. The rational choice theory says that criminal behavior is caused by internal and external factors outside of the individual’s control. Cesare Lombroso suggests that the physiological traits such as the measurements of someone cheek bones, or their hairline. The positivism theory says its factors like poverty, subcultures or lower levels of education can predispose people to crime.
All of those are proven factors of crime through key sociological theories. The rational choice theory is when people weigh the potential risks against the rewards. This is similar to the classical theory
…show more content…
The social control theory examines how society influences criminal behavior. Peer pressure is the perfect example for both of these. Someone may see their friends or family do it and be encouraged by them. Thus, teenagers in high crime areas have disproportionate contact with people already involved in criminal activities, like gangs, and drugs. However children who are neglected and abused are more likely to grow up sand commit crimes as well. There’s a strong chance a victim may grow up to victimize others. There’s a quote by Will Bowen that’s absolutely true, “Hurt people hurt people.” Those that have been sexually abused grow up to become abusers of others. Hurt people interpret their actions through their pain, transferring their anger towards others.
The labeling theory is when an individual is labeled, and therefore becomes what others expect him or her to be. People become stigmatized, and start accepting the title as personal identities, because they start to see them as more important than any other aspects. Instead of being labeled a father or friend, a person is now a thief or a hooligan. Now they are looked at differently amongst society and sadly themselves. The most powerful people in society impose the most significant labels such as judges and police officers. Those who have negative labels have lower self-esteem, lower expectation, and peer

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    “According to classical theory, individuals choose to engage in crime based on a rational consideration of the costs and benefits associated with crime.”(Part XI, page 417). Rational choice theories explain that all actions are the result of individual choice. Rational choice theories also clarify that people choose their own behavior and should be held responsible for making those choices, as well as for the consequences of their choices. Therefore, the theory explains that the criminal justice…

    • 575 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rational Choice Theory

    • 686 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Essay Title: Write an original essay of no more than 600 words that explains, as clearly, logically, and concisely as possible, why you find a specific theory significant. Briefly summarize the theory, which can come from any field of study such as history, science, literature, engineering, philosophy, art, culture, or politics. Then analyze the way in which the theory has enabled you to understand some phenomenon more intelligently. We are looking for evidence of your analytical ability and intellectual…

    • 686 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Rational Choice Theory

    • 1741 Words
    • 7 Pages

    University, CJ102 Criminology Unit Five Midterm Project The Rational Choice theory approach has been used by social and political scientists to put some type of meaning of why humans behave in a certain way. In recent years, rational choice theory has been widely used in other disciplines such as sociology, political science, and anthropology. It has gained influence in politics and sociology over the past thirty years. This choice theory stressed the role of knowledgeable self interest in the decision…

    • 1741 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Rational Choice Theory

    • 1346 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Criminal Behavior Theories Abstract This essay covers some of the most important aspects of criminal behavior theories and delves into the lesser, supporting theories pertaining. The assignment question/instructions were: In a 1-2 page well constructed essay, discuss the major differences between the various theories which are used to explain criminal behavior? What theory in your opinion best explains this? The answer to the last question is very hard to determine. I have likes and…

    • 1346 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rational Choice Theory

    • 582 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Bounded rationality In game theory, bounded rationality is a concept based on the fact that rationality of individuals is limited by the information they have, the cognitive limitations of their minds, and the finite amount of time they have to make decisions. This contrasts with the concept of rationality as optimization.[1] Another way to look at bounded rationality is that, because decision-makers lack the ability and resources to arrive at the optimal solution, they instead apply their rationality…

    • 582 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Rational Choice Theory

    • 1761 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The Rational Choice Theory states that crime is a rational decision to violate any law. It is made for many reasons, such as greed, revenge, need, anger, lust, jealousy, thrill-seeking or vanity. This theory has been passed down through many different time periods. During the early Middle Ages, there was superstition and fear that criminals were going through satanic possession. During the time of the Renaissance, they began to study human nature and behavior to figure out what causes criminal…

    • 1761 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Rational Choice Theory

    • 1992 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Rational Choice Theory in Comparative Politics The field of comparative politics is one in which a variety of different approaches have been undertaken with varying results. Rational Choice in Comparative Politics attempt to devise a theoretical framework that explains the process of decision-making. The rational choice institutionalism was born out of the study of American congressional behavior. At the time scholars were trying to explain why congressional outcomes were considerably stable and…

    • 1992 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rational Choice Theory

    • 596 Words
    • 3 Pages

    What Are The Main Strengths and Weaknesses of The Rational Choice Approach ToReligions Behavior? One of the pioneers of the rational choice theory has been Gary Becker. He states that this approach can be applied to all human behaviour, includingreligion. This approach has three assumptions. It assumes that people engage inmaximising behaviour. When applying this approach to religion we are notconcerned with money. We are concerned with the maximisation of personalbenefits. When we make a decision…

    • 596 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Rational Choice Theory

    • 2909 Words
    • 12 Pages

    Rational Choice Theory: Theoretical Traditions and Criticisms with Alternative Resolutions “Man is a rational animal who always loses his temper when he is called upon to act in accordance with the dictates of reason.” As seen from Oscar Wilde’s famous quote, rationality is one of the most crucial and controversial subjects in studying human behavior. To study and examine this rationality, numerous scholars have tried to establish their own theories and generalize their explanation with empirical…

    • 2909 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    rational choice theory

    • 930 Words
    • 4 Pages

    All around the world rational choice theory is used to categorize reasons why criminals commit violent crimes. The highest rated crimes being committed are in the disorganized and organize communities. These crimes are murder, rape, and burglary. In this essay I’m going to use these three crimes to discuss how crimes are sometimes premeditated as opposed to spontaneous. Murder is found to be committed more in disorganized inner city communities rather than further out of the city. When someone…

    • 930 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays