Rakhine-Rohingya Conflict analysis

Topics: Burma, Rakhine State, Rohingya people Pages: 22 (4343 words) Published: October 16, 2014
Conflict Mapping: Rakhine-Rohingya
Conflict in Myanmar
LB 5525: Conflict Analysis

Min Zaw
Student ID: 12725517
Subject: Conflict Analysis
Subject code: LB5525
Subject Coordinator: Judith Herrmann
Word count: 3617 (excluding cover page, Table of content, References & Annex)

Table of Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 2 Conflict Parties ...................................................................................................................................... 2 The parties ................................................................................................................................. 2 Relationship among various types of parties..……………………………………………………………………… 3 Power and resources………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3 Conflict History ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...5 Continuum of relationship ......................................................................................................... 5 Past relationship between two parties ………………………………………………………………………………….6 Conflict Context ….……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7 Level of conflict ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7 Multiple levels ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..7 Cultural aspects …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..8 Behavioral determinants …………………………………………………………………………………………………….9 Party orientation

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….10

Determining issues and objectives …………………………………………………………………………………….10 Conflict dynamics

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….12

Behavioral styles ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….12 Conflict events ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….12 Action-Reaction process ……………………………………………………………………………………………………13 Conflict intervention

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………15

Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….16 References ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………17 Annex
Annex 1 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..20 Annex 2 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..21

1

Introduction
Violence occurred in the western part of Myanmar in 2012 between Rakhine and Rohingya (Annex 1). It resulted in 192 dead and 265 injured, 8614 houses demolished, 32 mosques and 22 monasteries burned (Inquiry Commission, 2013) with displacement of 100,000 people (Human Rights Watch, 2013). The president of Myanmar appointed an investigation commission in August, 2012.

This paper will analyze Rakhine-Rohingya conflict using the Shay Bright conflict mapping chart. This paper will present a balanced view based upon Government and Nongovernment (NGO) sources.

Conflict parties
The parties include those who directly or indirectly involve (Bright, n.d.) Primary parties are those who directly participate and whose goals are incompatible (Bright, n.d.).
Primary parties in the violence are Rakhine and Rohingya. Rakhine make up 63% of total population (Inquiry Commission, 2013) in the western costal state of Myanmar. Rakhine are Buddhists who primarily dwell in central and southern parts of Rakhine state. Rohingya predominantly reside in north-western Rakhine state and are Muslims (Annex 2).

Rakhine do not accept Rohingya as being ethnic and assert they are economic immigrants from Bangladesh so they insist upon using the term “Bangali” rather than “Rohingya” (Inquiry Commission, 2013). By contrast, Rohngya regard themselves as an “ethnic group” of Myanmar and want their citizenship reinstated which they lost in the 1982 citizenship law (Inquiry Commission, 2013).

Secondary parties are those who have indirect involvement in the violence (Bright, n.d.) Buddhist monks and Rakhine political parties initially supported and later organized the Rakhine population to fight the Rohingya. Simultaneously Rohingya...


References: Dugan, M., A. (1996). A Nested Theory of Conflict. A Leadership Journal: Women in
Leadership – sharing the Vision, 1, 9-19
Fennell, J. (2013). Rakhine state conflict analysis: An Overview of conflict dynamics at
national and state level
Hill, C. (2013). Myanmar: sectarian violence in Rakhine – issues, humanitarian
consequences, and regional responses
Human Rights Watch. (2012). The Government Could Have Stopped This: Sectarian
Violence and Ensuing Abuses in Burma’s Arakan State
Human Rights Watch. (2013). All You Can Do is Pray: Crimes against Humanity and Ethnic
Cleansing of Rohingya Muslims in Burma Arakan State
Inquiry Commission, Union of Myanmar. (2013, July, 8). Final Report of Inquiry Commission
on Sectarian Violence in Rakhine State
Rubeinstein, R., E. (2003). Sources. In Cheldelin, S., Druckman, D., & Fast, L. (Eds.),
Conflict: from analysis to intervention (p
Sandole, D., J., D. (1998). A Comprehensive Mapping of Conflict and Conflict Resolution: A
Three Pillar Approach
South East Asia Mission Team. (2014). Rakhine (Arakanese) People Group. Retrieved from
http://www.seamist.org/rakhine.php
Tillett, G., & French, B. (2006). Resolving Conflict: A Practical Approach. New York: Oxford
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The Stateless Rohingya. (2012). Rohingya: The Most Persecuted People. Retrieved from
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UNHCR. (2014). World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous People – Myanmar/Burma:
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