1 October 2014
Born in Chiaravalle in the Province of Ancona in 1870, Maria Montessori was the first woman to practice medicine in Italy, having graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Rome in 1896. As a physician, Dr, Montessori was in touch with young children and became profoundly interested in their development. Through careful and exhaustive scrutiny, she realized that children construct their own personalities as they interact with their environment. In addition, she observed the manner in which they learned as they spontaneously chose and worked with the auto didactic materials she provided.
Montessori approach to education stemmed from a solid grounding in biology, psychiatry and anthropology. She studied children of all races and cultures in many countries around the world, soon seeing the university of the laws of human development played out before her. She believed that children should not be treated as receptors of knowledge from the teacher, but instead should be leaders of their own learning. Her philosophy has been embraced in schools around the world. She is best known for the development of the new educational philosophy that would become a school system. She continued her observations throughout her life, widening and deepening her understanding until her death in 1952.
Montessori Method follows the guidance of the natural physiological and physical development of the child and may be divided into three parts which are motor education, sensory education, and language education. Motor education is very complex as it must correspond to all the coordinated movements which the child has to establish in his or her physiological organism. The child is left without guidance, is disorderly in his or her movements,
Cited: Montessori, M. (2013) The Biography Channel website. http://www.biography.com/people/maria-montessori-9412528. Montessori, Maria (1914) Dr. Montessori’s Own Handbook, Dover Publications Lillard, Paula Polk (1996) Montessori Today: A Comprehensive Approach to Education from Birth to Adulthood, Schocken book inc., New York