Topics: Bipolar disorder, Mania, Hypomania Pages: 4 (1277 words) Published: May 7, 2013
Chori Lea

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a common, recurrent, and debilitating mood disorder which causes extreme shifts in energy and mood. The word bipolar indicates the two main polar extremes which a person with the disorder experiences. According to NIMH the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that oversees neurological and psychological research, this disorder affects about 2.3 million adults in the United States and about 1.2 percent of the population worldwide. The first signs of this disorder usually appear in adolescence and early adulthood, with cases seldom occurring in childhood. No findings have been made to indicate a difference in frequency among those of differing race or ethnicity. Bipolar disorder can sometimes be co-morbid with several other disorders, including panic disorder, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and substance dependence. This essay will discuss the underlying causes of bipolar disorder, study its symptoms and the different forms that it takes, look into its treatments and possible cures, and finally, examine its supposed link with artistic creativity.

   The behaviors associated with Bipolar are episodes of severe depression and manic excitement. These extremes in mood are quite literally, polar opposites, hence the disorder’s namesake. In episode of manic excitement, or mania for short, the individual will experience a heightened mood, increased energy and drive, and a reduced need for sleep. Manic episodes have tendency to be rather extreme, as the heightened sense of mood can lead to decreased inhibitions, reckless behavior, and increased irritability. Those feelings translate to sexual promiscuity, substance abuse, and possibly violent behavior. There are three different types of bipolar disorder, most of which are characterized by the presence and/or frequency of certain episodes, of which there are several kinds. Manic episodes normally last for at least one...
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