Racketeering and Organized Crime, in my opinion, goes hand in hand. Racketeering is only a small part of what Organized Criminal organizations do. The individual or group will participate in bribery, counterfeiting, embezzlement, and many others. Most organized crime factions are motivated by money; Racketeering is how most criminal enterprises get started. Racketeering is also in direct correlation of extortion; making the threat and protection may be more or less deniably implied. The gangs 20 years ago were seen as an organized crime Organization because they have leadership, rules and regulations. The gangs today do not have the same structures and rules and obedience of the ones previously mentioned. Today’s gangs aren’t about helping the group as a whole but more wanting to help out themselves.
Differential association theory is a theory by Sutherland proposing that criminal behavior is a learned behavior that is brought on by values, attitude and interaction with other people and family.
A mafia family is an organized criminal organization that was started in Sicily, Italy. The family was comprised of nothing but pure Italians. The head of the family was considered the Don or Boss. Following him was an underboss that took care of most of the day-to-day operations along with his Captains. (The most trusted individuals) After them came the street level guys known as soldiers and lieutenants. Criminal factions used the name mafia and made their own i.e. Russian mafia, Japanese mafia (Yakuza) and many others. The code of Omerta is a reference to the code of silence that the Italians live by. In southern Italy, where Organized crime and the term Mafia began, the families made a strict rule to never talk to the police or anyone involved with the police. If a person breaks the Omerta Code it is punishable by death. The Pizza Connection was a Mafia-run enterprise that distributed massive quantities of heroin and cocaine in the United States...
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